Business & Human Rights Resource Centre http://www.xiak5.com/en/_rss?langcode=en&keywords=&pagenum=0&sortby=datedesc en AS: México: Reportan desaparición de defensora | Bolivia: Grave crisis en el país | Respuesta de New Gold en México | Otras noticias http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199212 Thu, 21 Nov 2019 17:32:07 +0000 Amanda Romero 199212 at http://www.xiak5.com
? ? Acá están las principales noticias sobre empresas y derechos humanos de esta semana. Se incluyen respuestas de empresas y anuncios relevantes. Lea la Actualización completa Archivo de Actualizaciones Semanales anteriores Suscripción a las Actualizaciones 国产av在在免费线观看
Brasil: Negros s?o 82% dos resgatados do trabalho escravo no país, maioria jovens, nordestinos e sem escolaridade, afirmam especialistas http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199173 Thu, 21 Nov 2019 02:00:02 +0000 Julia Mello Neiva 199173 at http://www.xiak5.com "Negros s?o 82% dos resgatados do trabalho escravo no Brasil - Maioria dos 2.043 negros e pardos encontrados em situa??o análoga à escravid?o entre 2016 e 2018 é de jovens, nordestinos e sem escolaridade. Para especialistas, dados revelam a marginaliza??o das popula??es negras", 20 de novembro de 2019 Uma família de homens e mulheres negras. Nenhum dos quatro filhos conseguiu terminar o ensino médio. Cresceram na ro?a e come?aram a trabalhar ainda crian?as.Jo?o (nome fictício), de 26 anos, deixou a escola na sexta série, por volta dos 12 anos. Desde ent?o, trabalha cortando cana ou colhendo café.? Em agosto de 2018, foi um dos 18 trabalhadores resgatados em situa??o análoga à de escravo em uma fazenda de café em Minas Gerais...A cada cinco trabalhadores resgatados em situa??o análoga à escravid?o entre 2016 e 2018, quatro s?o negros. Pretos e pardos representam 82% dos 2,4 mil trabalhadores que receberam seguro-desemprego após resgate. Entre os negros resgatados est?o principalmente homens (91%), jovens de 15 a 29 anos (40%) e nascidos…[no]...Nordeste (46%). O levantamento foi feito pela Repórter Brasil, com base em dados obtidos da Subsecretaria de Inspe??o do Trabalho, por meio da Lei de Acesso à Informa??o...O...“seguro-desemprego trabalhador resgatado” é um auxílio temporário destinado às vítimas de trabalho escravo. Entre 2016 e 2018, de2.570 trabalhadores resgatados, 2.481 receberam auxílio(96%), sendo que 343 se autodeclararam brancos e 2.043 negros (soma de pretos e pardos)...“Ser negro é igual a estar sujeito a situa??es diversas em que sua vida é desvalorizada, você é um ser desqualificado socialmente e sua cultura é deslegitimada”, afirma Sérgio Luiz de Souza, professor da Universidade Federal de Rond?nia e pesquisador de História Afro-brasileira e Africana...“As popula??es negras, que s?o metade da popula??o brasileira, n?o têm acesso ao ensino superior, ao Parlamento, têm menos acesso à saúde, à educa??o, s?o os mais pobres, vivem menos.”? Os dados também revelam que a maioria dos resgatados, assim como Jo?o, n?o concluíram o ensino fundamental: 56%. Entre o total havia ainda 14% de analfabetos. ...Gildásio Silva Meireles,...do Centro de Defesa da Vida de A?ailandia, no Maranh?o, onde auxilia trabalhadores explorados, após ser resgatado 12 anos atrás…[:]...“é...quest?o de sobrevivência. A maioria de nós [negros] n?o tem estudo e se sujeita a qualquer situa??o para tirar o sustento da família”, afirma. Do total de negros resgatados, 62% eram trabalhadores rurais, florestais e da pesca; 29% atuavam na indústria. O estudo “Desigualdades Sociais por Cor ou Ra?a”, do IBGE (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística), divulgado…[em 12 de novembro]..., mostrou que a popula??o negra representa 64% dos desempregados e 66% dos subutilizados, além de ganhar menos do que os brancos... Brasil: órg?o regulador americano de mercado de capitais abre investiga??o preliminar contra a Vale por causa de desastre de Brumadinho, afirma jornalista http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199174 Thu, 21 Nov 2019 02:34:14 +0000 Julia Mello Neiva 199174 at http://www.xiak5.com "Brumadinho leva SEC a abrir investiga??o contra Vale, diz jornal-Segundo o colunista Lauro Jardim, a decis?o da SEC foi tomada na semana passada" O órg?o regulador americano de mercado de capitais, a Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), abriu uma investiga??o preliminar contra a Vale por causa da tragédia de Brumadinho, de acordo com informa??es publicadas nesta ter?a-feira pelo colunista Lauro Jardim, do jornal "O Globo". Segundo o jornalista, a decis?o da SEC foi tomada na semana passada após uma reuni?o com o Ministério Público Federal (MPF) e a Comiss?o de Valores Mobiliários (CVM), que ainda estuda se também abre uma investiga??o contra a mineradora. A tragédia de Brumadinho ocorreu em 25 de janeiro deste ano, causando mais de 250 mortes, além da polui??o ambiental e da destrui??o de comunidades. No início deste mês, a Agência Nacional de Minera??o (ANM) informou que a Valesonegou informa??es sobre o real risco de rompimento da barragem de rejeitos. De acordo com a agência, a mineradora detinha informa??es, por exemplo, sobre os problemas no sistema de drenagem, que n?o foram n?o repassadas para o sistema da ANM. A contradi??o entre as informa??es prestadas e as detidas pela Vale foi identificada pela agência na análise do sistema interno e das fichas de inspe??o em campo da mineradora. A ANM informou que a Vale levantou informa??es que indicaram alto risco no dia 22 de janeiro, três dias antes da tragédia. Em nota enviada...naquela época, a Vale informou que "vai analisar a íntegra do relatório da Agência Nacional de Minera??o e, no momento, n?o tem como comentar as decis?es técnicas tomadas pela equipe de geotécnicos à época...A empresa tinha uma equipe de geotécnicos composta por profissionais altamente experientes e de reconhecida capacita??o para tratar de quest?es referentes à manuten??o da barragem B1. Todas as informa??es disponíveis sobre o histórico do estado de conserva??o da barragem foram fornecidas às autoridades que apuram o caso”... Kyrgyzstan: Draft law on trade unions threatens workers’ rights & violates intl. labour treaties, says HRW http://www.xiak5.com/en/kyrgyzstan-draft-law-on-trade-unions-threatens-workers%E2%80%99-rights-violates-intl-labour-treaties-says-hrw Thu, 21 Nov 2019 07:10:39 +0000 Ella Skybenko 199177 at http://www.xiak5.com Draft amendments to Kyrgyzstan’s trade union law would severely inhibit independent trade union organizing and violate international labor treaties to which Kyrgyzstan is a party, Human Rights Watch said...Parliament should reject the amendments when they are presented for a third reading.?The draft amendments would require industry and regional trade unions to join a higher-tier national confederation, the Kyrgyzstan Federation of Trade Unions. The federation, which would be the only union recognized by the national government, would have the authority to approve charters and other activities of lower-tier unions, severely limiting their ability to operate independently...The International Labour Organization (ILO), of which Kyrgyzstan has been a member since 1992, said the law would create a “monopoly” on union organizing, and urged lawmakers to revise the bill to maintain “trade union diversity.”? Кыргызстан: Законопроект о профсоюзах угрожает правам работников и нарушает международные договора о трудовых правах, заявляет Хьюман Райтс Вотч http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199178 Thu, 21 Nov 2019 07:40:40 +0000 Ella Skybenko 199178 at http://www.xiak5.com Проект поправок в закон о профсоюзах может серьезно осложнить создание и деятельность независимых организаций работников и привести к нарушению международных договоров о трудовых правах, участником которых является Кыргызстан, заявила сегодня Хьюман Райтс Вотч. Парламент должен отклонить эти поправки в третьем чтении.?Согласно законопроекту отраслевые и региональные профсоюзы должны будут вступить в общенациональное объединение – Федерацию профсоюзов Кыргызстана. Последнюю предполагается сделать единственным признаваемым правительством профсоюзным объединением, которое будет иметь право утверждать уставные документы и деятельность нижестоящих профсоюзов, что существенно ограничит их независимость...Международная организация труда (МОТ), в которую Кыргызстан входит с 1992 г., заявила, что законопроект обернется ?монополизацией? права на организацию, и призвала законодателей пересмотреть его таким образом, чтобы сохранить ?профсоюзное разнообразие?.? USA: Google hires consulting firm known for anti-union efforts amid 'widespread' worker unrest http://www.xiak5.com/en/usa-google-hires-consulting-firm-known-for-anti-union-efforts-amid-widespread-worker-unrest Thu, 21 Nov 2019 11:56:39 +0000 Alysha Khambay 199190 at http://www.xiak5.com "Google Hires Firm Known for Anti-Union Efforts", 20 November 2019 Google has hired an anti-union consulting firm to advise management as it deals with widespread worker unrest, including accusations that it has?retaliated against organizers?of a?global walkout?and?cracked down on dissent?inside the company. The firm,?IRI Consultants...?website?advertises “union vulnerability assessments”?and?boasts about IRI’s success?in helping a large national health care company persuade employees to avoid a union election... Google’s work with IRI is the latest... escalation in a feud between a group of activist workers... and management that has tested the limits of the company’s traditionally transparent, worker-friendly culture... ... [E]mployers sometimes bring in firms like IRI to pre-empt unionization amid widespread discontent among workers... [A] Google spokeswoman, said the company engaged “dozens of outside firms to provide us with their advice on a wide range of topics.”... Some Google employees oppose their colleagues’ organizing efforts... [but]?many appear to favor creating some kind of worker organization, and thousands continue to engage in collective action, like?signing a petition in August?urging the company not to enter a forthcoming competition for a contract with the Customs and Border Protection agency... Google said IRI did not participate in any... recent high-profile policy changes, but would not elaborate on the work it did... NGO briefing analyses key features of new OECD guidance on Due Diligence for Responsible Corporate Lending and Securities Underwriting http://www.xiak5.com/en/ngo-briefing-analyses-key-features-of-new-oecd-guidance-on-due-diligence-for-responsible-corporate-lending-and-securities-underwriting Thu, 21 Nov 2019 12:17:20 +0000 Saskia Wilks 199191 at http://www.xiak5.com On 28 October?2019, the OECD launched new guidance on?Due Diligence for Responsible Corporate Lending and Securities Underwriting?-?an important step towards?encouraging responsible conduct by financial sector actors and establishing when and how they are accountable for adverse social and environmental impacts. A month on, OECD Watch and BankTrack released an analysis and briefing on the strongest elements of the guidance to explain some of the key highlights of the guidance to civil society for their?advocacy purposes.? EU Commission launches new due diligence portal to support responsible sourcing of raw materials http://www.xiak5.com/en/eu-commission-launches-new-due-diligence-portal-to-support-responsible-sourcing-of-raw-materials Thu, 21 Nov 2019 12:29:02 +0000 Saskia Wilks 199194 at http://www.xiak5.com "Raw materials: Commission launches new online portal to support responsible sourcing in businesses", 20 Nov 2019 Today, the European Commission is launching?Due Diligence Ready!,an online portal that provides businesses with guidance on how to check the sources of the metals and minerals entering their supply chains – the so-called “due diligence” process. It will help them ensure that their use of raw materials respects human rights while improving transparency and accountability across their value chains... Due Diligence Ready!?will help businesses to: Improve their due diligence capacity of minerals' sourcing... Facilitate compliance with?the EU's Regulation on Responsible Sourcing of Minerals?(the so-called “Conflict minerals Regulation”) Respond to growing market demand for responsibly sourced minerals... Governments urged to improve record on business & human rights ahead of UN Forum http://www.xiak5.com/en/governments-urged-to-improve-record-on-business-human-rights-ahead-of-un-forum Thu, 21 Nov 2019 12:53:49 +0000 Saskia Wilks 199195 at http://www.xiak5.com Governments are failing in their duty to protect people from human rights abuses by business and cannot put off action any longer, UN human rights experts have warned ahead of the largest global gathering on business and human rights.? “It’s time for governments to act and make real progress on ending business-related human rights abuses. This means commitments, plans and action – not just statements of intent,” said the UN Working Group on Business and Human Rights [ahead of] the 2019?Forum on Business and Human Rights...? “Governments have a duty, not an option, to protect people against business-related harms. They are simply not doing enough at the moment. Despite positive steps by some States, we have to call into question the effectiveness of current efforts overall and the lack of concrete action... “The lack of government leadership is reflected in governance gaps and a lack of policy coherence at all levels – national, regional and global – which results in fundamental challenges to ensuring that the human rights and dignity of all are upheld in the context of business activities,” the experts said... States are being urged to [...] lead by example in their own economic roles as owners... purchasers, trade financiers and investors, including in third countries... The 2019 Forum agenda will include discussion on a “smart mix” of measures... Governments urged to improve record on business & human rights ahead of UN Forum http://www.xiak5.com/en/governments-urged-to-improve-record-on-business-human-rights-ahead-of-un-forum-0 Thu, 21 Nov 2019 13:33:50 +0000 Alex Guy 199199 at http://www.xiak5.com Governments urged to improve record on business & human rights ahead of UN Forum http://www.xiak5.com/en/governments-urged-to-improve-record-on-business-human-rights-ahead-of-un-forum-1 Thu, 21 Nov 2019 13:33:50 +0000 Alex Guy 199200 at http://www.xiak5.com Italy: Police uncover Naples sweatshop allegedly making leathergoods for luxury brands http://www.xiak5.com/en/italy-police-uncover-naples-sweatshop-allegedly-making-leathergoods-for-luxury-brands Thu, 21 Nov 2019 15:17:58 +0000 Saskia Wilks 199204 at http://www.xiak5.com "Italian police uncover Naples sweatshop linked to luxury groups", 18 Nov 2019 Italian authorities arrested the boss of a company in the southern city of Naples that employed dozens of undocumented workers allegedly making leathergoods for some of Europe's best-known luxury groups... Industry and investigative sources said the workshop in Melito [...] made shoes and bags for groups including Armani, Kering's Saint Laurent and LVMH's Fendi, whose products can sell for thousands of euros. None of the companies confirmed any connection with Moreno and Saint Laurent denied any relationship... However the case highlighted the murky world of sweatshop labour and fly-by-night subcontractors that lies behind many areas of the industry, which draws heavily on the cachet of the "Made in Italy" brand... Most large fashion groups have teams of inspectors to ensure contractors respect labour and health and safety rules. "But the production chain at times is too long. It happens that the original suppliers subcontract to other companies, without the brands knowing," a person working in the luxury industry told Reuters... Saint Laurent, controlled by French luxury group Kering, said it had no relationship with Moreno. "We are currently investigating the matter," it said. In a statement, Armani said Moreno was not one of its direct suppliers or an authorised subcontractors. Fendi declined comment. Kritik an deutschen Firmen wegen Kohleimporten aus Russland; F?rderung findet unter schlechten Bedingungen statt http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199207 Thu, 21 Nov 2019 15:53:27 +0000 Saskia Wilks 199207 at http://www.xiak5.com "Deutsche Konzerne geraten wegen Kohleimporten aus Russland in Erkl?rungsnot", 4 Nov 2019 Die russische Kusbass-Region ist berüchtigt für schlimme Bedingungen, unter denen dort Kohle gef?rdert wird. Nun geraten deutsche Firmen in die Kritik, weil sie diese importieren... Der schwarze Rohstoff steht schon lange nicht mehr nur wegen seiner CO2-Bilanz in der Kritik. Auch die Bedingungen, unter denen Kohle weltweit abgebaut wird, sorgen regelm??ig für Schlagzeilen... Fast alle deutschen Kohlekonzerne z?hlen zu den Kunden des russischen Branchenriesen [Carbo One], sei es direkt oder indirekt über Produzenten wie Kuzbassrazrezugol (Kru)... W?hrend?RWE?und?Uniper?auch auf Nachfrage zu einzelnen Gesch?ftspartnern nichts sagen wollen, erkl?rt die baden-württembergische?EnBW,?den Vorfall selbst geprüft zu haben. ?Bislang haben wir keine Informationen, die uns dazu bringen würden, die Gesch?ftsbeziehungen zu unseren Handelspartnern in Russland abzubrechen“, sagt Lothar Rieth, Nachhaltigkeitsexperte bei?EnBW... Das sieht der schwedische Energieversorger?Vattenfall?anders und zieht Konsequenzen. ?Wir sind uns der Vorwürfe bewusst und haben Carbo One einer verst?rkten überprüfung unterzogen und eine Reihe von kritischen Punkten identifiziert“, hei?t es auf Anfrage des Handelsblatts. Solange man selbst die Vorwürfe nicht zurückweisen k?nne, werde?Vattenfall?den bestehenden Liefervertrag mit Carbo One nicht erneuern oder verl?ngern... ?Wenn man Minen zertifizieren will, muss man alle Beteiligten an einen Tisch holen“, sagt J?rg Nierhaus, Nachhaltigkeitsexperte des Energiekonzerns?Steag... Russische NGOs wie Eco Defense k?nnten au?erdem nur unter sehr erschwerten Bedingungen dort arbeiten, was die Recherche teilweise sogar ganz verhindere... ?Berichte von NGOs wie Eco Defense sind für uns eine wichtige Informationsquelle...“, berichtet Nierhaus... Bislang wei? allerdings keiner der deutschen Energieversorger wirklich, unter welchen Bedingungen Steinkohle in Russland abgebaut wird. Die russische Regierung geht immer vehementer gegen Umweltschutz- und Menschenrechtsorganisationen im eigenen Land vor... Bolivien: Umstrittenes Lithium-Projekt, an dem deutsches Unternehmen beteiligt war, gestoppt http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199208 Thu, 21 Nov 2019 16:08:47 +0000 Saskia Wilks 199208 at http://www.xiak5.com "Deutsches Lithium-Unternehmen ruft Altmaier zu Hilfe", 6 Nov 2019 Das Joint Venture, an dem die ACISA 49 Prozent h?lt, sollte erstmals einem deutschen Unternehmen den direkten Zugriff auf?Lithium?erm?glichen -?und die Versorgung der deutschen Wirtschaft mit dem Rohstoff sichern.?Lithium ist ein unentbehrlicher Bestandteil von Akkus und Batteriezellen für Elektrofahrzeuge... Boliviens Staatspr?sident?Evo Morales?[hatte]?per Dekret erkl?rt, das erst im Oktober 2019 gegründete Joint Venture?zu annullieren. Zuvor hatten sich nahe der geplanten F?rderst?tte am Salzsee von Uyuni die Streiks und Proteste gegen das Projekt geh?uft; auch Boliviens Opposition hatte sich dagegen positioniert. Die Kritiker warnten vor Umweltsch?den, prangerten die ihnen zufolge viel zu niedrigen Lizenzabgaben durch das Unternehmen an und forderten teilweise auch, das Joint Venture aufzul?sen... "Wir haben Vertr?ge und rechtsverbindliche Vereinbarungen", sagte der Manager. "Aber wir wollen nicht vor Gericht, sondern lieber einvernehmliche, konstruktive L?sungen finden, die allen helfen - vor allem den Menschen vor Ort." ... Call for feedback on OHCHR's non-state-based grievance mechanisms discussion paper (by 15 Dec 2019) http://www.xiak5.com/en/call-for-feedback-on-ohchrs-non-state-based-grievance-mechanisms-discussion-paper-by-15-dec-2019 Thu, 21 Nov 2019 16:12:04 +0000 Elodie Aba 199209 at http://www.xiak5.com "Accountability and Remedy Project Part III: Non-State-based grievance mechanisms: Enhancing effectiveness of non-State-based grievance mechanisms in cases of business-related human rights abuse - Discussion Paper", 19 Nov 2019 This discussion paper has been prepared as part of an ongoing programme of work convened by OHCHR known as the Accountability and Remedy Project... This discussion paper sets out: An explanation of the various research and information-gathering activities that have taken place pursuant to the Human Rights Council’s most recent mandate (Resolution 38/13); Key observations arising from the ARP III work; and Preliminary ideas (for discussion) as to the structure and approach of OHCHR’s report to the forty-fourth session of the Human Rights Council. The key observations discussed in this paper fall under four headings: A.??? Current use of non-State-based grievance mechanisms in cases of business-related human rights abuse B.???? Notable trends relating to the design and performance of non-State-based grievance mechanisms C.??? Legal, structural, and policy issues in need of further attention and prioritisation D.??? Practical implementation of the UNGP “effectiveness criteria”... Studie zu Menschenrechtsverletzungen im Kakaoanbau belegt Scheitern freiwilliger Unternehmensinitiativen & fordert Gesetz http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199210 Thu, 21 Nov 2019 16:32:28 +0000 Saskia Wilks 199210 at http://www.xiak5.com "Menschenrechtsverletzungen?im Kakaoanbau:?Warum wir ein Lieferkettengesetz brauchen", Oktober 2019 Nach einer Beschreibung?des Weltmarktes fu?r Kakao wird analysiert, welche?menschenrechtlichen und ?kologischen Probleme im Kakaosektor?bestehen und belegt, dass diese schon lange?bekannt sind. In einem zweiten Schritt wird dargelegt,?welche Initiativen es bislang auf freiwilliger Ebene gab und welche?Wirkung diese erzielt haben. Das Fazit ist ernu?chternd:?Trotz vieler freiwilliger Initiativen und Zusagen von?Industrieverb?nden und Zusammenschlu?ssen der Kakaound?Schokoladenbranche sowie vieler einzelner Unternehmen?gibt es kaum Fortschritte dabei, Kinderarbeit und andere Menschenrechtsverletzungen in den Anbaugebieten?endlich zu beenden...?Die Studie zeigt au?erdem,?dass die Zertifizierung von Kakao durch Standards?wie Fairtrade und Rainforest Alliance kein Ersatz fu?r Ma?nahmen?der Unternehmen sind, die Einhaltung der Menschenrechte?in ihren Lieferketten zu kontrollieren... Angesichts der andauernden Menschenrechtsverletzungen?im Kakaosektor sollten die Bundesregierung?und die EU gesetzlich verbindliche Regulierungen?erlassen. Ein Lieferkettengesetz sollten Unternehmen verbindlich?dazu verpflichten, den Vorgaben der Vereinten Nationen nachzukommen und die Missst?nde in den Kakaoanbaugebieten?umfassend anzugehen... Nouveau portail en ligne pour aider les entreprises à vérifier que les métaux et minéraux entrant dans leurs cha?nes d'approvisionnement respectent les droits de l'homme http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199211 Thu, 21 Nov 2019 16:58:46 +0000 Elodie Aba 199211 at http://www.xiak5.com ? Soutenir l'approvisionnement responsable dans les entreprises ?, 21 novembre 2019 Aujourd'hui, la Commission européenne lance un portail en ligne, ?Due Diligence Ready!,? qui aide les entreprises à vérifier les sources des métaux et minéraux entrant dans leurs cha?nes d'approvisionnement — ce que l'on appelle le ?devoir de diligence?. Cet outil les aidera à garantir que leur utilisation des matières premières respecte les droits de l'homme, tout en améliorant la transparence et la responsabilité dans l'ensemble de leurs cha?nes de valeur... Le portail ?Due Diligence Ready!? aidera les entreprises à: améliorer leurs capacités de diligence raisonnable en ce qui concerne les sources des minerais... Faciliter le respect du règlement de l'UE sur l'approvisionnement responsable en minerais (le ?règlement sur les minerais originaires de zones de conflit?)... Répondre à la demande croissante du marché en ce qui concerne l'origine des minerais:.. ? Chile: Walmart interpone seis recursos de protección contra el Estado, por “no garantizar el orden público y la seguridad pública interior” http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199112 Wed, 20 Nov 2019 12:35:46 +0000 Amanda Romero 199112 at http://www.xiak5.com “Walmart contra el Estado: los recursos de protección que evidencian un problema estructural"– 18 de noviembre de 2019 …Seis recursos de protección fueron interpuestos por la trasnacional Walmart, este lunes, en contra del Estado de Chile. Esto, debido a lo que consideran ha sido un incumplimiento respecto de “garantizar el orden público y la seguridad pública interior”…Así lo aseguraron en un documento interpuesto con la firma del abogado Christian Fox Igualt y en el que se destaca que, desde el inicio de las manifestaciones sociales en el país, de los 384 locales que Walmart tiene en Chile, 105 fueron cerrados por haber sufrido algún da?o o por no contar con las medidas de seguridad garantizadas…En conversación con Diario y Radio Universidad de Chile, el presidente del Sindicato de Walmart, Juan Moreno, se pronunció sobre la posición del gremio respecto de esta medida, la cual aseguró, tiene también un especial enfoque en el factor humano…“Según los recursos interpuestos por Walmart, la crisis vivida en el país ha puesto en riesgo, incluso, a algunos puestos de trabajo, algo que también fue ratificado por Moreno. él mismo aseguró que fueron 4700 trabajadores los que tuvieron que ser reubicados y por los que el sindicato negoció para mantener, al menos, sus rentas fijas…Se debe?recordar, finalmente, que la medida interpuesta por Walmart fue?presentada en las cortes de apelaciones de Arica, Puerto Montt, Concepción, Chillán, Temuco y Valdivia, siendo hasta el momento admitida en las tres últimas... Bolivia: La inestabilidad política y el conflicto social tendrían intereses empresariales http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199141 Wed, 20 Nov 2019 19:56:20 +0000 Amanda Romero 199141 at http://www.xiak5.com Apenas dos semanas después de someterse al Examen Periódico Universal, en la tercera reelección de Evo Morales y las denuncias de irregularidades registradas tras las elecciones presidenciales, se desataron protestas sociales por la llegada al poder de sectores conservadores, que ordenaron reprimir a la ciudadanía que apoyaba el gobierno indígena de Morales. Ya se cuentan por decenas las muertes, heridas contra manifestantes y escasez en algunos lugares, mientras que no se ha logrado la pacificación de la nación, como reclaman personalidades y organizaciones de derechos humanos. En ese contexto, el análisis periodístico de voces ambientalistas indica que sectores empresariales estarían al frente de la crisis, para tomar el liderazgo del país y favorecer la explotación de minerales como el litio. “Defensores de Derechos Humanos ante la situación crítica en Bolivia - Manifiesto Público” http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199143 Wed, 20 Nov 2019 20:02:45 +0000 Amanda Romero 199143 at http://www.xiak5.com 20 de noviembre de 2019 Ante los hechos de violencia que se han originado en el país a raíz del fraude electoral del 20 de octubre, que han derivado en la renuncia y posterior abandono del país del Sr. Evo Morales y tras el arribo de un gobierno de transición para la convocatoria a nuevas elecciones, los abajo firmantes expresamos: 1. Nuestra preocupación por el creciente clima de violencia que se abre paso desnaturalizando el ejercicio legítimo de la protesta ciudadana. Los recientes hechos de protestas que: hacen llamado a la guerra civil, que dejan a su paso vandalismo o ataques dirigidos a ciudadanos que consideran adversarios políticos, las amenazas y presiones sobre comunidades, barrios y ciudadanía para participar en protestas con tenor violento y la cada vez más generalizada participación de grupos preparados para desplegar acción letal dentro de las protestas y movilizaciones, caracterizan el escenario de estos últimos días... 2. Las acciones violentas como ataques, quema de instituciones, domicilios particulares, hostigamiento/ agresión a referentes en disputa y contra la población civil y puestos policiales, o el sabotaje económico enfilado a desabastecer a la población de alimentos, agua y energía entre otros, no forman parte de acciones regulares de protesta ciudadana…3. El gobierno de transición necesita emprender un firme y rápido camino hacia la pacificación social…Sin embargo, nos preocupa sobremanera que las acciones desde el gobierno transitorio para controlar el clima de violencia derivan, por lo menos en algunos casos, en uso desproporcionado de la fuerza. 4. Rechazamos la reciente promulgación del Decreto supremo 4078 que faculta a las Fuerzas Armadas y Policiales a la utilización de todos los medios disponibles para mantener la seguridad y las exime de responsabilidad penal por ese uso… Perú: Mina Cobriza de Doe Run, en proceso de liquidación, sufre un derrame tóxico; los trabajadores acusan a empresa liquidadora del desastre http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199147 Wed, 20 Nov 2019 20:55:12 +0000 Amanda Romero 199147 at http://www.xiak5.com “Derrame de relaves en mina Cobriza de Doe Run” – 19 de noviembre de 2019 …Un derrame de relaves ha sido reportado en la mina de cobre Cobriza de Doe Run Perú (CRP) [parte de Renco] en Huancavelica, Perú, y los informes indican que los relaves se han metido en el río Mantaro…La agencia supervisora de inversiones en energía y minería del país (Osinergmin) está investigando para determinar la causa del derrame del 10 de julio y quién es el responsable…Con Doe Run Perú en un proceso de liquidación, los trabajadores han culpado del derrame al liquidador por la mala gestión de la operación durante el proceso de liquidación…Unas tres empresas han expresado interés en comprar Cobriza (UMC) en un proceso que está a cargo de Carrizales, dos de los cuales se consideran extranjeros y uno peruano. Cobriza está valorada en entre US$47 y US$53 millones. Perú: Personas enfermas por contaminación con metales tóxicos inician un proceso de atención en salud con apoyo estatal http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199148 Wed, 20 Nov 2019 21:02:58 +0000 Amanda Romero 199148 at http://www.xiak5.com “Espinar: Inicia proceso de articulación para planificar atención a personas con metales tóxicos” – 19 de noviembre de 2019 El 08 de noviembre del presente a?o, se llevó a cabo la primera reunión ampliada entre representantes de la DIRESA Cusco, Red de Salud Canas Canchis Espinar, Hospital y Asociación Comunidad Local de Administración de Salud (CLAS Espinar), representantes de la Gerencia de Medio Ambiente de la Municipalidad Provincial de Espinar, Derechos Humanos Sin Fronteras, comunidades campesinas de Huarca, Alto Huancané, Huisa, Bajo Huancané, Huisa Ccollana, Asociación de Mujeres Defensoras del Territorio y Cultura K’ana, entre otros. El principal motivo del espacio de articulación es la atención que se realizará del 18 al 22 de noviembre en Espinar como parte del Plan de Acción de Salud Integral para la población en riesgo a metales pesados y metaloides en las provincias de Espinar, Chumbivilcas y La Convención…Por otro lado, los comuneros evidenciaron que la mayoría de personas afectadas por metales tóxicos viven en comunidades campesinas, y es difícil (económica y geográficamente) trasladarse hasta el Hospital de Yauri (donde será la atención), por ello solicitaron apoyo, principalmente para el traslado de adultos mayores, exigiendo que el personal de salud tenga especial atención con ellos... Perú: Culmina con movilizaciones a tres capitales provinciales el paro en defensa del agua amenazada por la minería industrial http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199149 Wed, 20 Nov 2019 21:10:59 +0000 Amanda Romero 199149 at http://www.xiak5.com “Paro contra la minería en el sur de Ayacucho culmina con movilizaciones en las capitales de tres provincias” – 14 de noviembre de 2019 El paro de 72 horas en el sur de Ayacucho convocado por el Comité de Lucha Interprovincial Contra la Contaminación Minera (que involucra a los frente de defensa de las provincias de Paucar del Sara Sara, Parinacochas y Lucanas), culminó...con movilizaciones en las capitales de las tres provincias que acatan la medida de protesta en contra de la actividad minera en sus territorios -en especial en las cabeceras de cuenca- porque habrían contaminado fuentes de agua de cuencas como Huanca Huanca, Paucar del Sara y el rio Mirmaca…Según refirió la representante del Frente de Defensa del Pueblo de Paucar de Sara Sara,...la plataforma de lucha de las tres provincias del sur de Ayacucho que acataron el paro de 72 horas se resume en cuatro puntos: 1) aprobación del marco metodológico para la declaración de zonas intangibles a las cabeceras de cuenca, 2) aprobación de la ordenanza regional que declara zona intangible a las cabeceras de cuenca, e) inventario y evaluación de todos manantiales (de consumo humano y agrícola) y 4) evaluación de la situación de salud de todos los habitantes de las tres provincias del sur…En la zona los dirigentes declararon que otorgarán 10 días para que el gobierno se haga presente para dar respuesta a sus demandas. En la localidad de Oyolo (Paucar del Sara Sara) también se concentró un amplio grupo grande de pobladores que realizaron marchas pacíficas... “Webinario de formación: Soja y maíz transgénicos: alimento para grandes corporaciones” http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199153 Viernes 29 de noviembre a las 10 hs (Argentina) Wed, 20 Nov 2019 21:19:29 +0000 Amanda Romero 199153 at http://www.xiak5.com Información: Charla con Fernando Miguel Frank. Día:?Viernes 29 de noviembre a las?10 hs?– Argentina –?(ver horarios) Duración aproximada de 1 hs. INSCRIPCIóN ?Cómo es que el mismo país que tiene cosechas históricas de granos está en emergencia alimentaria, y con hambre récord? Quienes promueven los agronegocios transgénicos hablan de la necesidad de producir más por el hambre en el mundo. También se muestran como modelos a seguir en productividad y eficiencia. Los agronegocios falsean la realidad para sus fines políticos y económicos, principalmente en la legitimación social y en las regulaciones estatales. Los ejemplos de esto en Argentina son muy claros, y los trabajaremos específicamente en este webinario.? Desde los agronegocios, lo que hoy se hace es producir monocultivos de granos y dar distintas formas industriales a esos granos. Muchos de los granos transgénicos van a destinos no alimentarios (agrocombustibles, biomateriales, alimentos de mascotas). De lo que sí va a alimentos (comestibles ultraprocesados y forrajes para ganadería industrial), se produce de forma muy ineficiente, y los alimentos son de muy baja calidad. Además hay datos muy claros de cómo la agricultura campesina, indígena y familiar es la que alimenta verdaderamente a la población, sin vinculación con los monocultivos de granos.?? Las producciones industriales ligadas a los agronegocios son responsables directos de las principales crisis globales de la actualidad. Para nuestro país revisaremos los impactos en salud colectiva, en derechos económicos y en destrucción de ambientes. No es suficiente contraponer la exportación de granos con el agregado de valor industrial. Hay modos de agregado de valor que tienen costos sociales extremadamente peligrosos: en lo sanitario, en lo económico y en lo ambiental. INSCRIPCIóN ACCEDER A "LA SALA" “Masiva manifestación contra la masacre de Senkata” http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199156 Wed, 20 Nov 2019 21:39:52 +0000 Amanda Romero 199156 at http://www.xiak5.com 20 de noviembre de 2019? Miles de personas llegan desde distintas provincias bolivianas hasta Senkata para repudiar la masacre de ayer en la?bloqueada planta de abastecimiento de combustible?. Al grito de “el Alto no está solo carajo” los manifestantes se proponen llegar a La Paz para repudiar la represión de las fuerzas de seguridad, que provocó al menos?nueve muertos y 50 heridos…Efectivos de la Policía y de las Fuerzas Armadas dispararon a mansalva ayer a la altura de la cabeza de los manifestantes para intentar levantar el bloqueo en Senkata, a 40 kilómetros del centro de La Paz. A 24 horas de lo sucedido la zona está completamente militarizada…La Defensoría del Pueblo confirmó que?trepó a nueve la cantidad de fallecidos?durante el operativo de desalojo y adelantó que todavía hay personas desaparecidas.?“Estamos haciendo la convocatoria para que los familaires vengan, hagamos la denuncia en caso de desaparecidos y procedamos con la búsqueda”,?detalló la defensora Nadia Cruz…A pesar de que las imágenes de los disparos eran muy claras, el ministro de Defensa, Fernando López intentó negar todo. “Me encantaría aclarar que del Ejército no salió ni un solo proyectil. Las Fuerzas Armadas se mantienen con la premisa del diálogo permanente”, se atajó, y subrayó, en consonancia con el gobierno de facto que encabeza?Jeanine A?ez: "Nos sigue guiando la Biblia y la paz para todos nuestros actos, aquellos actores ligados a la violencia ya tienen un carácter de terrorismo de Estado"… Global: Estudio de Credit Suisse se?ala que se aumenta la desigualdad en el mundo por la concentración no del ingreso, sino de la riqueza http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199158 Wed, 20 Nov 2019 21:44:30 +0000 Amanda Romero 199158 at http://www.xiak5.com “El 1% posee el 45% de la riqueza; el 50% menos del 1%” – 17 de noviembre de 2019 …La riqueza global creció el a?o pasado un 2,6% hasta los 360 billones de dólares y la riqueza por adulto alcanzó un nuevo récord de 70.850 dólares, 1,2% más que la media de 2018, y Suiza situándose a la cabeza de la riqueza por adulto este a?o. Estados Unidos, China y Europa contribuyeron más al crecimiento de la riqueza mundial con 3,8 billones, 1,9 billones y 1,1 billones de dólares, respectivamente…La pirámide de la riqueza captura las diferencias de riqueza entre los adultos. Casi 3.000 millones de adultos, el 57% de todos los adultos del mundo, tienen una riqueza inferior a 10.000 de dólares en 2019. El siguiente segmento, que abarca a aquellos con riqueza entre 10.000–100.000 dólares ha experimentado el mayor aumento en este siglo, triplicando su tama?o, de 514 millones en 2000 a 1,7 mil millones a mediados de 2019. Esto refleja la creciente prosperidad de las economías emergentes, especialmente de China. La riqueza promedio de este grupo es de 33.530 dólares, aún menos de la mitad del nivel de riqueza promedio en todo el mundo, pero considerablemente por encima de la riqueza promedio de los países en los que residen la mayoría de las personas de este grupo. El grupo final de países con una riqueza inferior a 5.000 dólares, que se concentra en gran medida en áfrica central y en Asia central y meridional…La riqueza no financiera representó la mayor parte de la nueva riqueza en China, Europa y América Latina, y casi toda la nueva riqueza en áfrica e India. Pero la deuda de los hogares aumentó aún más, en un 4,0% en general. La deuda de los hogares creció en todas las regiones, y a una tasa de dos dígitos en China e India. Estamos cerca de una crisis de deuda. Colombia: Estudiosos denuncian amenazas contra funcionarios y líderes sociales en parques nacionales por empresarios de tala y ganadería ilegales http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199159 Wed, 20 Nov 2019 22:40:45 +0000 Amanda Romero 199159 at http://www.xiak5.com “Parque Tinigua: asesinatos y panfletos en medio de ganadería y deforestación” – 13 de noviembre de 2019 Las amenazas contra funcionarios de Parques Nacionales, Cormacarena y líderes ambientales son una constante en el Parque Nacional Natural Tinigua. Actualmente es el área protegida más deforestada de Colombia, en gran medida, por la ganadería extensiva e ilegal…Con el cese al fuego de la guerrilla de las Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC), en medio del proceso de paz, autoridades ambientales como Parques Nacionales Naturales (PNN) pudieron aumentar su presencia en territorios que antes estaban vedados. Sin embargo, las amenazas contra estos funcionarios, aparentemente por parte de grupos disidentes de la guerrilla, han aumentado desde 2017. Alianzas entre los remanentes de las FARC con otros grupos ilegales que intentan apoderarse de las tierras del área protegida para establecer actividades como ganadería y especular con los precios de los terrenos ha incrementado la deforestación y el peligro de quienes quieren defender el parque…Habitantes del parque Tinigua, investigadores, organizaciones y entidades de control reconocen a la ganadería como uno de los grandes problemas asociados a la deforestación. Una de las razones es que la agricultura es muy difícil en la zona —además de la dificultad de sacar los productos porque no hay infraestructura vial— y que el suelo no es productivo…Las comunidades denuncian que los mayores deforestadores del territorio son personas que tienen grandes recursos económicos, ya que una tala grande puede costar varios millones de pesos, mientras que los campesinos talan una o dos hectáreas de bosque para sus cultivos de diario vivir... Colombia: Indígenas de la Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta denuncian riesgos por presencia de 132 títulos mineros en sus territorios http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199160 Wed, 20 Nov 2019 22:48:28 +0000 Amanda Romero 199160 at http://www.xiak5.com “Hay 132 títulos mineros dentro de territorio indígena” – 12 de noviembre de 2019 Los representantes de los pueblos indígenas de la Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta exigen la suspensión de los megaproyectos que afectan el medio ambiente en su territorio. Entre el 22 y 23 de noviembre, durante un encuentro con el Gobierno, se responderá a la solicitud de las comunidades…Los días 22 y 23 de noviembre, durante el encuentro de alto nivel entre el Gobierno Nacional y el Consejo Territorial de Cabildos de la Sierra (CTC) en Valledupar, los indígenas sabrán si tienen el apoyo del Estado para detener la minería dentro de la Línea Negra, su territorio ancestral…Durante el gobierno de Juan Manuel Santos se expidió el decreto 1500 de 2018, el cual devolvió la esperanza a los pueblos. La Línea Negra pasó de tener 54 puntos sagrados a 348, que se expanden a La Guajira, Magdalena y Cesar…Los efectos de la explotación minera sobre el medio ambiente son devastadores. La construcción de más de 40 canteras en territorios como Valledupar y Bosconia causa erosión en la parte media y baja de la Sierra, lo que afecta los cuerpos de agua…A pesar de que el Cerrejón está ubicado en La Guajira, uno de sus tajos más antiguos está dentro de la Línea Negra, explicó Julio Fierro, geólogo de la Corporación Terrae y profesor de la Universidad Nacional… Chile: Organizaciones sociales rechazan el acuerdo para la reforma constitucional porque se hicieron “a espaldas de los movimientos sociales” http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199161 Wed, 20 Nov 2019 22:54:22 +0000 Amanda Romero 199161 at http://www.xiak5.com “Unidad Social de Chile rechazó el acuerdo: “Se hizo entre cuatro paredes y a espaldas de los movimientos sociales”” – 17 de noviembre de 2019 El conglomerado de organizaciones sociales “Unidad Social” que agrupa a la Coordinadora Nacional NO+AFP, a la Confech, a la ANEF, a la CUT, al Colegio de Profesores, a Modatima, al Comité de Allegados de la Agrupación de Vendedores Ambulantes de Santiago y a la Coordinadora Feminista 8M, entre tantas otras, se refirió por primera vez al acuerdo al que llegaron la oposición con el oficialismo el pasado jueves, rechazando tanto su contenido como la forma en la que se llegó al mismo…La agrupación que aglomera a más de 200 organizaciones sociales “Unidad Social”, expresó este sábado su rotundo rechazo al denominado “Acuerdo por la Paz y nueva Constitución“…“Este acuerdo de madrugada entre partidos políticos, sin la participación y legitimidad de quienes hemos participado de las movilizaciones, fue construido literalmente mientras se reprimía y violaba sistemáticamente los Derechos humanos, se hizo entre cuatro paredes y a espaldas de los movimientos sociales“, dicen desde la agrupación de organizaciones sociales... Chile: Confederación de trabajadores y ONG lanzan una plataforma para recibir denuncias de violaciones de derechos humanos y laborales http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199163 Wed, 20 Nov 2019 23:00:35 +0000 Amanda Romero 199163 at http://www.xiak5.com “CUT-FIEL lanzan plataforma para recepción de denuncias de violaciones de Derechos Laborales y DDHH” – 16 de noviembre de 2019 La Central y su Fundación Instituto de Estudios Laborales (FIEL) pusieron a disposición de los trabajadores y trabajadoras del país esta plataforma virtual, a través de la cual pueden dejar sus denuncias respecto no solo de violación de sus derechos humanos (DDHH) también cualquier menoscabo que vulnere derechos laborales e incumplimiento de sus contratos de trabajo, en el marco de las movilizaciones sociales que se viven en el país desde el pasado 18 de octubre…Marcos Canales, consejero nacional de la CUT, explicó que la idea es recopilar todo tipo de información vinculada a “trabajadores que sientan violentados sus derechos humanos al calor de las protestas (sociales) que se han generado (…) y también violaciones en el aspecto estrictamente laboral si es que ha habido un grado de represión por parte de empresarios que impidan (por ejemplo)?retirarse en un determinado momento o que pongan en riesgo la ?seguridad de sus trabajadores”…Se puede acceder al formulario de denuncia tanto vía?www.cutchile.cl?(pop ups, ventana emergente) como?www.fielchile.cl? o descargue aquí directamente Formulario de Denuncia?http://cut.cl/cutchile/contacto-denuncias/ Global: Lego elige etanol derivado de la ca?a de azúcar para sus productos http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199164 Wed, 20 Nov 2019 23:09:10 +0000 Amanda Romero 199164 at http://www.xiak5.com “Lego cambia el plástico por bloques hechos con ca?a de azúcar” – 18 de noviembre de 2019 LEGO es otra de las grandes empresas del mundo que también ha decidido pensar en verde y sumarse a la sostenibilidad eligiendo un bioplástico para sus productos…A finales de este a?o tiene pensado lanzar su primer kit con piezas sostenibles con el claro objetivo de reducir el consumo de plástico…El material utilizado por Lego, tiene origen vegetal, proviene de la ca?a de azúcar y lo presenta en una colección de juguetes bioplásticos con forma de árboles y plantas…Este será el primer paso hacia el objetivo final de la compa?ía de producir todos sus productos y envases con material sostenible para el 2030. Perú: Empresas suecas y chinas invertirían en la extracción de litio para la fabricación de baterías para vehículos eléctricos http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199166 Wed, 20 Nov 2019 23:22:46 +0000 Amanda Romero 199166 at http://www.xiak5.com “Suecia busca litio en América del Sur en medio de la fiebre del oro blanco” – 20 de noviembre de 2019 .. …Un funcionario comercial de alto rango de la nación escandinava dijo a Reuters por teléfono que las empresas en Suecia, que están impulsando tales baterías son el hogar de la marca mundial de automóviles Volvo, estaban buscando alianzas con productores regionales de litio y cobre…Los gobiernos y fabricantes de automóviles de todo el mundo, con un ojo en la enorme demanda esperada de autos eléctricos, buscan sellar los amarres para el metal ligero, incluso en el llamado "triángulo de litio" centrado en Chile, Bolivia y Argentina…Perú, uno de los principales productores de cobre, también está buscando abrirse camino en la acción. Plateau Energy Metals de Canadá anunció el a?o pasado el descubrimiento de 2.5 millones de toneladas de recursos de litio de alta ley en el sur del país, con el potencial de ser la mina de litio más grande del mundo…"Lo que se ve en Suecia, Alemania, en muchos países ahora es cómo vamos a obtener los materiales y minerales necesarios para el futuro de la electrificación", dijo a Reuters Niklas Johansson, secretario de Estado del Ministro de Comercio Exterior…"Esto no solo es litio, sino también cobre, que es muy importante en Perú"…En la región, Tianqi Lithium Corp de China ha adquirido una gran participación en la minera chilena SQM. Alemania también ha hecho un gran impulso con un acuerdo en Bolivia para ayudar a explotar las enormes reservas sin explotar del país…La propia industria automotriz de Suecia incluye autos Volvo, ahora controlados por el gigante automotriz chino Geely, y los fabricantes de camiones AB Volvo y Scania. La firma sueca Northvolt comenzará la construcción en agosto de una enorme planta de baterías de iones de litio. La Comisión Interamericana de derechos humanos alerta sobre conflictos socioambientales y lanza primer informe sobre empresas y derechos humanos http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199171 Wed, 20 Nov 2019 23:29:27 +0000 Amanda Romero 199171 at http://www.xiak5.com “CIDH culmina su 174o Período de Sesiones” - 20 de noviembre de 2019 …La Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos (CIDH) celebró el 174o Período de Sesiones en Quito, Ecuador, del 8 al 14 de noviembre de 2019…[Y] evaluó la situación general de los derechos humanos en la región. Con base en la información recibida en audiencias y reuniones, a la CIDH le llamaron la atención los desafíos existentes para la garantía de los derechos humanos en contextos actuales de protesta social en varios países del continente en demanda de derechos sociales…Por su parte, ante los hechos de violencia generalizada registrados en Bolivia,?la CIDH rechazó la violencia generalizada y llama al respeto de la institucionalidad democrática en el país, con apego a los derechos humanos y a las libertades fundamentales de la población…Otro tema que mereció especial atención durante el periodo de sesiones fue la situación de los derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas en varios países de la región, como por ejemplo, informaciones dando cuenta de las múltiples vulneraciones a sus derechos que siguen enfrentando los pueblos indígenas en México…Durante el Periodo, la CIDH también recibió información sobre situaciones de contaminación ambiental de las tierras, territorios y ecosistemas en numerosos países, con grandes afectaciones a los derechos a la salud, la vida e integridad personal de las poblaciones más vulnerables de la región en especial de los pueblos indígenas…Durante el Foro, la Relatoría Especial sobre Derechos Económicos, Sociales, Culturales y Ambientales (REDESCA) de la CIDH presentó el Informe sobre “Empresas y Derechos Humanos: Estándares Interamericanos”. Tratándose del primer informe integral sobre el tema del sistema interamericano, la CIDH y su REDESCA invitó a los Estados, sector privado, sociedad civil y otros actores regionales mencionados en el informe a la consulta y difusión del mismo, como al cumplimiento de sus recomendaciones. Ecuador: Trabajadores bananeros piden respuesta a las autoridades del gobierno por incumplimiento de derechos laborales del Acuerdo comercial con la Unión Europea http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199172 Wed, 20 Nov 2019 23:54:53 +0000 Amanda Romero 199172 at http://www.xiak5.com “Carta a MinProducción y Comercio Exterior” – 31 de octubre de 2019 …A nombre de la Asociación Sindical de Trabajadores Agrícolas y Campesinos ASTAC expresamos…nuestra preocupación por la negativa de contestar la queja que presentamos el 28 de marzo de 2019, ante el Ministerio de la Producción y Comercio Exterior, por el incumplimiento del Título IX del Acuerdo Comercial Multipartes Ecuador, Colombia, Perú y la Unión Europea…Nos causa mayor preocupación al conocer de forma verbal…que dicha queja fue contestada a la Comisión Europea y NO a nosotros que somos los que presentamos la queja…[porque] además no sólo se viola los derechos humanos de los trabajadores bananeros… Brasil: Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais registra aumento de 30% no desmatamento da Amaz?nia em um ano http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/198971 Tue, 19 Nov 2019 01:05:09 +0000 Vitória Rocha 198971 at http://www.xiak5.com “Desmatamento na Amaz?nia cresce quase 30% entre agosto de 2018 e julho de 2019, diz Inpe”, 18 de novembro de 2019 A área desmatada na Amaz?nia foi de 9.762 km2 entre agosto de 2018 e julho de 2019, de acordo com números oficiais do governo federal divulgados nesta segunda-feira (18) pelo Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (Inpe). Trata-se de um aumento de 29,5% em rela??o ao período anterior (agosto de 2017 a julho de 2018), que registrou 7.536 km2 de área desmatada. Os dados s?o do Projeto de Monitoramento do Desmatamento na Amaz?nia Legal por Satélite (Prodes), considerado o mais preciso para medir as taxas anuais...[O]...Prodes faz o mapeamento com imagens dos satélites Landsat, CBERS e ResourceSat. O sistema consegue quantificar as áreas desmatadas maiores que 6,25 hectares. Também registra o chamado "corte raso" das florestas, que é a remo??o completa da cobertura florestal primária...[Q]uatro estados respondem por 84% da floresta derrubada. Com 3.862 km2 de área desmatada, o Pará teve a maior participa??o. Foram 39,56% de toda a floresta derrubada nestes 12 meses. Mato Grosso, Amazonas e Rond?nia ultrapassaram os mil km2 de desmatamento e foram, nesta ordem, os estados que mais contribuíram com o aumento da taxa de desmate depois do Pará... ? Brasil: Governo revoga decreto e permite cana na Amaz?nia e no Pantanal; pesquisadores temem mais desmatamento, queimadas e conflitos por terra http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/198974 Tue, 19 Nov 2019 01:36:38 +0000 Vitória Rocha 198974 at http://www.xiak5.com “Após explos?o das queimadas, cana-de-a?úcar é nova amea?a à Amaz?nia e ao Pantanal”, 13 de novembro de 2019 ...[O]...governo revogou, na semana passada, um decreto que há dez anos vetava a expans?o canavieira na floresta amaz?nica e também no Pantanal. A medida abre caminho para o cultivo da cana e, segundo pesquisadores, para mais desmatamento, queimadas e conflitos por terra.?Ao trancar os port?es da Amaz?nia e do Pantanal para a cana-de-a?úcar, o decreto 6.961 de 2009 ajudou n?o apenas a manter os biomas livres dessa amea?a, mas também a valorizar o etanol brasileiro no mercado externo, já que a planta??o de cana para produzi-lo n?o estava atrelada ao desmatamento...[“A]...revoga??o é uma tragédia ambiental”, afirma Carlos Minc, ministro do Meio Ambiente quando o zoneamento foi criado, em 2009, e atualmente deputado estadual (PSB-RJ). “Cria-se um risco adicional ao se abrir as portas da Amaz?nia e do Pantanal para novos desmatamentos, queimadas e uso de mais agrotóxicos”...[“P]ode haver uma corrida por aquisi??o de terras hoje cobertas com pastagens para plantar cana e isso empurraria a pecuária para as áreas onde ainda existem florestas”, afirma Mauro Armelin, diretor executivo da ONG Amigos da Terra – Amaz?nia Brasileira...[H]á dez anos uma investiga??o da Repórter Brasil feita na época em que o zoneamento foi promulgado mostrava o interesse do setor em implementar usinas na regi?o do Pantanal e entorno, na Bacia do Alto Paraguai e na Amaz?nia. As usinas já existentes na Amaz?nia e Pantanal, inclusive, carregam um pesado histórico de situa??es de trabalho análogo à escravid?o, por variados motivos, entre eles a vastid?o do território e as dificuldades de fiscaliza??o. é o caso de usinas como a Gameleira (posteriormente Destilaria Araguaia), em Confresa (MT), e a Alcopan, de Poconé (MT), que se tornaram presen?as habituais na chamada “lista suja” do trabalho escravo do governo federal... Brasil: Encontro ‘Amaz?nia Centro do Mundo” reúne várias pessoas para proteger povos da floresta do impactos de grileiros, madeireiros e multinacionais http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/198977 Tue, 19 Nov 2019 01:59:16 +0000 Vitória Rocha 198977 at http://www.xiak5.com “Encontro global no cora??o da Amaz?nia tenta adiar o fim do mundo”, 16 de novembro de 2019 ...[N]a Reserva Extrativista do Iriri, na Terra do Meio (Amaz?nia)...[F]oi ali que um heterogêneo grupo de 50 pessoas —de diferentes etnias, idiomas e nacionalidades— reuniu-se no cora??o da maior floresta tropical do mundo para trocar conhecimentos sobre como protegê-la e permitir a continuidade da vida no planeta. Jurunas, xikrins, xipayas, kaiapós e yanomamis, entre eles o xam? Davi Kopenawa Yanomami, reuniram-se durante dois dias com jovens ativistas brasileiros e europeus —como as impulsoras do movimento Fridays For Future na Bélgica, Anuna De Wever e Adéla?de Charlier, ou a ativista russa Nadya Tolokonnikova, do movimento Pussy Riot—, e cientistas como a antropóloga Manuela Carneiro da Cunha, entre outros...[O]s diferentes cientistas presentes falaram sobre as condi??es e características do planeta que permitem uma vida “estável na Terra” e explicaram sobre os gases que humanos, indústrias e o bilh?o e meio de bois no planeta jogam na atmosfera. Comentaram o aumento da temperatura do planeta e usaram muito a express?o que tanto anda na boca dos jovens que seguem a adolescente sueca Greta Thumberg: mudan?a climática...[T]ambém falou-se, como n?o podia deixar de ser, do extermínio dos povos da floresta, que padecem nas m?os de grileiros, madeireiros, fazendeiros e multinacionais...[A] primeira parte do encontro Amaz?nia Centro do Mundo terminou com cantoria, dan?a, abra?os e lágrimas de emo??o à beira do rio Iriri, em uma cerim?nia típica do povo xipaya, que lembra: é preciso alegria e coragem para adiar o fim do mundo. Awei!... ? Papua New Guinea: As Bougainville independence referendum looms; miners jostle for licences & fears of new conflict grow http://www.xiak5.com/en/papua-new-guinea-as-bougainville-independence-referendum-looms-miners-jostle-for-licences-fears-of-new-conflict-grow Tue, 19 Nov 2019 16:21:29 +0000 Filip Sys 199046 at http://www.xiak5.com "This derelict mine caused a bloody war. Now Aussie companies are fighting over it again", 15 November 2019 Iron ore magnate Andrew "Twiggy" Forrest has joined the race...for access to some of the world’s biggest copper and gold deposits on the Pacific island of Bougainville. [China] is also sniffing around for opportunities…, although not necessarily the Panguna mine itself, which was valued recently at…$US58 billion. [Run] by Rio Tinto, the mine was at the centre of a decade-long conflict over allegations that locals were being ripped off and the environment damaged. [A]fter the mine closed, a battle for control…raged between the Bougainville Revolutionary Army and the Papua New Guinea (PNG) Defence Force. On November 23, Bougainvilleans will go to the polls and are expected to vote overwhelmingly for independence from [PNG]. [T]here is a real risk of new disputes between landowner groups as miners, many with links to Australia, could reignite the crisis... [Rio’s] former subsidiary BCL is still in the race for a mining licence [but]…a number of new entrants are also in the game,…among them…RTG Mining Inc,…Kalia Limited [and]…Caballus Mining. Disputes…have been reflected in intense politicking among local landowner groups and political players on Bougainville. Bougainville’s president John Momis has copped much criticism for entertaining the Caballus deal. [Momis] initially supported a moratorium on mining at Panguna to avoid reigniting old conflicts between landowner groups... RTG…[chairman said]: “There can be no independence without first setting the country on a pathway to fiscal self-reliance and Panguna is the only asset which can assist this fundamental objective.” BCL company secretary Mark Hitchcock said…the company retained strong support among landowners and rejected suggestions the company had lost its social licence to operate... EU: Anti-Slavery Intl. argues in favour of mandatory human rights due diligence, highlighting NGO and company support http://www.xiak5.com/en/eu-anti-slavery-intl-argues-in-favour-of-mandatory-human-rights-due-diligence-highlighting-ngo-and-company-support Tue, 19 Nov 2019 16:48:26 +0000 Johannes Blankenbach 199051 at http://www.xiak5.com "Why we are calling on the EU to make tackling abuses in supply chains mandatory", 14 Nov 2019 ...Decades of voluntary “corporate social responsibility” initiatives have so far failed to protect people across the world from modern slavery... As the world’s largest single market... the EU and its member states are in a unique position to assume?global leadership and mandate companies to act to prevent slavery in their supply chains... Yet, a systematic approach to tackling such human rights abuses in supply chains has so far been absent from EU policy and legislation. While some EU companies are taking positive steps... many others are failing to take action.?KnowTheChain... continues to find many large EU companies performing below average on their standards. This is why we are?calling?for a new EU-wide law to require companies and financial institutions to proactively prevent abuses in their operations and supply chains... Our call for action is joined by a wide coalition of NGOs and trade unions. The movement is growing by the day, for example, in at least?13 EU member states, civil society movements for mandatory human rights due diligence have formed. And now leading global brands, such as Mars and Mondelez, have started to?come out?in favour of EU-wide legislation. Such businesses recognise that their efforts to ensure ethical practices are being undermined by competitors who adopt exploitative labour practices, yet continue to reap the profit... Out Now: New Report on Modern Slavery in the Global Hotel Sector http://www.xiak5.com/en/out-now-new-report-on-modern-slavery-in-the-global-hotel-sector Tue, 19 Nov 2019 18:23:12 +0000 Adam Barnett 199053 at http://www.xiak5.com Kenya: Facebook says it complied with at least one of five request for users' personal information from govt. agencies http://www.xiak5.com/en/kenya-facebook-says-it-complied-with-at-least-one-of-five-request-for-users-personal-information-from-govt-agencies Wed, 20 Nov 2019 07:24:11 +0000 Joseph Kibugu 199085 at http://www.xiak5.com "State demands Kenyans' data from Facebook" The government demanded that social networking service company Facebook reveal private information about Kenyan users on five different occasions in the first half of 2019.?According to the latest transparency report from Facebook, in four of the five times, the State refused to use proper legal channels while demanding the information, insisting on the urgency of the demand.?Facebook complied with at least one of the demands. The social networking giant, however, did not give details of the nature of the information the government demanded.?It also did not disclose the identity of accounts that the State had targeted.?“Facebook responds to government requests for data in accordance with applicable laws and our terms of service,” Facebook said in a statement.?“Each request we receive is carefully reviewed for legal sufficiency. We may reject or demand greater specificity on requests that appear overly broad or vague.” How Ethiopia is harnessing technology to boost smallholder agriculture in the wake of climate change http://www.xiak5.com/en/how-ethiopia-is-harnessing-technology-to-boost-smallholder-agriculture-in-the-wake-of-climate-change Wed, 20 Nov 2019 08:08:21 +0000 Joseph Kibugu 199087 at http://www.xiak5.com "Launching digital agro-climate advisory platform in Ethiopia" There was a time when traditional ecological knowledge was enough. When ancestral wisdom guided communities to sense the moods of the rains, the temperaments of the winds, the hidden messages of the clouds. Through these interpretations of nature, farming communities could foretell times of planting, times of abundance and times of harvest.?These times are decidedly gone. An atmosphere saturated by carbon has done more than uproot physical ecosystems, halt livelihoods and abruptly displace whole communities, leaving only a memory of something familiar; it has disrupted and stolen from traditional ecological knowledge systems. Digital agriculture—complete with its repertoire of climate services, agricultural advisories and mobile technologies, weather forecasts and agricultural data infrastructure, sensors and spatial modeling—is emerging to bolster these disrupted knowledge systems. The alliance of digital technologies and agricultural systems is a promising response to the struggles of rising populations, growing food demand and ecological crisis by transforming food systems, harnessing resource efficiency, building sustainability and amplifying productivity... In the midst of Ethiopia’s exponential population climb and the strikes of the climate emergency with erratic rains, dry spells, sharp floods and failed crops, the country launched a digital agro-climate advisory platform, called EDACaP, to put resilience at the center of agricultural livelihoods...EDACaP’s pilot phase has already reached 82,000 smallholder farmers across Ethiopia and is expected to reach 16.7 million farmers once scaled through the Ministry of Agriculture and the country’s more than 60,000 agricultural extension agents.?EDACaP is not alone in the push to facilitate Ethiopia’s food systems to go hand in hand with digital approaches. YeZaRe, developed by the social enterprise Echnoserve, is a digital mobile system that provides weather and market data to smallholder farmers, as well as connects these farmers to markets to ensure income for their livelihoods and reduce losses at the hands of middlemen. India: Striking Honda workers vacate plant after management agree to negotiate a resolution http://www.xiak5.com/en/india-striking-honda-workers-vacate-plant-after-management-agree-to-negotiate-a-resolution Wed, 20 Nov 2019 11:24:08 +0000 Mayisha Begum 199104 at http://www.xiak5.com "Striking Honda workers vacate Manesar plant’s premises as talks continue with management", 20 November 2019 The impasse between workers’ union and management at the Honda Motorcycle and Scooter India (HMSI) plant in Manesar could be closer to resolution...after a meeting held with the HMSI management, the Haryana labour commissioner Nitin Yadav and deputy chief minister Dushyant Chautala in Chandigarh... ...Meanwhile, close to 1,500 contractual workers who have been staging a sit-in at the company...vacated the premises and continued their strike outside the premises, after the management agreed to work towards reaching a resolution soon, said union workers... ...An HMSI spokesperson...confirmed that “positive” discussions regarding the workers’ demands took place in Chandigarh on Tuesday, without stating which of the workers’ demands, if any, are likely to be met... ...Another round of talks is scheduled...with the labour department in Gurugram... Hotel sector failing to combat modern slavery and sexual exploitation, finds new study http://www.xiak5.com/en/hotel-sector-failing-to-combat-modern-slavery-and-sexual-exploitation-finds-new-study A new report looks at 71 global hotel companies' reporting under the UK Modern Slavery Act Wed, 20 Nov 2019 12:44:16 +0000 Adam Barnett 199114 at http://www.xiak5.com Just one in four (18/71) hotel company statements meet the minimum requirements of the UK Modern Slavery Act Only 14% (10/71) reported specific policies to prevent sexual exploitation in their hotels and supply chains 68% (48/71) did not disclose any information on the risks in their operations and supply chains Just 6/71 (8%) prohibit workers being charged recruitment fees, protecting migrant workers from debt bondage ? Hotels’ performance ‘disappointing’ says UK Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner, Dame Sara Thornton London, UK - The human horror of forced labour, debt bondage, and sex trafficking is a stark contrast to the hotel sector’s promise of holiday fun in idyllic locations.? Read the report? But a new report (out today) reveals that hotels are failing to protect employees, agency workers, and workers in supply chains from forced labour and sexual exploitation.?? It assesses 71 hotel companies and finds that only one in four (18/71) meet the minimum requirements of the UK Modern Slavery Act.* 68% (48/71) of hotel companies did not disclose any information about the risks in their direct operations and their supply chains, including how they check and address risks to workers. ? Just 6/71 (8%) of hotel companiesprohibit workers being charged recruitment fees, by requiring that employers bear those costs, thereby protecting migrant workers from debt bondage. Only 14% (10/71) of companies reported specific policies to prevent the sexual exploitation of workers. ? This report - produced by Minderoo Foundation’s Walk Free initiative in partnership with WikiRate, Business & Human Rights Resource Centre and Australian National University – shows an alarming lack of effort to tackle modern slavery in a high risk sector. **? The report was welcomed as “important and revealing” by the UK’s Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner, Dame Sara Thornton, who called the hotel sector’s performance “disappointing” and said she hopes the report will help “alleviate this risk” of modern slavery. ? It calls on the UK Government to show leadership and enforce the Act against non-compliant companies and lays out practical steps for hotels to improve their anti-slavery efforts. ? Walk Free CEO Jenn Morris said: “Despite the introduction of the UK Modern Slavery Act four years ago, this report shows hotels are failing to meet the legal reporting requirements, let alone moving beyond compliance to protect against modern slavery risks. ? “Everybody loves to go on holiday but how would you feel if the porter taking your suitcase was a migrant worker trapped in debt bondage? Or if the person cleaning your room was forced to work long hours for little pay? It is a sobering reality that requires action from the hotel sector.”? She added: “It comes down to two things: a lack of commitment by hotel companies to do the right thing, and a failure of the UK Government to hold companies to account.? “Without effective implementation and a renewed commitment from business to combat modern slavery, the estimated 16 million people in forced labour in the private economy around the world remain at risk.” ? Dame Sara Thornton, UK Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner, said: ? “This new report takes an innovative and data-driven approach to assessing modern slavery statements produced by hotel companies, with volunteers across the academic and online communities checking statements against legal requirements and additional metrics. “Compliance with the reporting requirements of the Act remains a significant issue and the quality of statements varies enormously. This is true of the hotel sector, where complex supply chains and seasonal labour present additional challenges, potentially increasing the risk of modern slavery taking place. “Taking a sector-specific approach is important and revealing. It is disappointing that only 25% of hotel companies in scope of the Act are found to be legally compliant. I hope the information revealed by this report go some way towards alleviating this risk.” / ENDS Media contact: UK/ EU: Adam Barnett, Business & Human Rights Resource Centre, M: +44 7753 975769, E: barnett@business-humanrights.org Australia/ Asia: Tess Ingram, Minderoo, M: +61 448 922 364, E:tingram@minderoo.com.au Note to editors *The 71 companies were chosen as they have an annual turnover of over £36 million and with operations in the UK. Companies that meet these criteria must publish a slavery and human trafficking statement each financial year under the UK Modern Slavery Act. ** The hotel sector has a high-risk of exploitation due to its vulnerable workforce, complex supply chains with little transparency, and limited oversight from brands and multinational hotel companies as a result of extensive franchising. (In the franchising model, hotel brands lend their name and customer care standards to third parties, but usually stipulate far less about the standards they expect for the employment of workers, even in countries where abuse is endemic.) Here's what hotel companies need to do to combat modern slavery http://www.xiak5.com/en/heres-what-hotel-companies-need-to-do-to-combat-modern-slavery Today's report reveals the scale of inaction by companies but there are practical things they can do, write the authors. Wed, 20 Nov 2019 12:52:13 +0000 199115 at http://www.xiak5.com As more people travel for work and leisure than ever before, the travel and tourism sector has become one of the fastest growing in the world, accounting for 10.2% of global GDP and employing one in ten people worldwide. The risks of modern slavery in hotels are well-known and well-documented. The hotel sector’s workforce often consists of those vulnerable to exploitation, including low-skilled and low-paid workers, migrant workers, and women. Hotel supply chains are long, complex, and opaque, reaching around the globe to source everything from furniture to uniforms to food. Yet a new report released today finds that the industry is failing to combat these risks in their operations and supply chains. Beyond compliance in the hotel sector: A review of UK Modern Slavery Act statements reveals an alarming lack of action on modern slavery from the largest hotel companies operating across the world. The research from WikiRate, the Walk Free Initiative of the Minderoo Foundation, and Business & Human Rights Resource Centre analyses statements from 71 hotel companies required to report under the UK Modern Slavery Act. Beyond Compliance is the first report to take a sector-specific approach of this scale to the UK Modern Slavery Act statements and examines whether hotel companies are going “beyond compliance” to identify and mitigate risks specific to their industry and to respond meaningfully to the legislation. The industry’s heavily franchised and fragmented business structure makes it difficult to look into supply chains and determine which companies are responsible for protecting workers’ rights. In any given hotel, owners, brands, and operators are involved in the running of just one property. Companies may try to hide behind these relationships to avoid responsibility. But they ought to be accountable for protecting workers from modern slavery and exploitation, wherever it occurs in their operations and supply chain. For a consumer-facing sector so dependent on brand image, it is astonishing that hotel companies are failing to take seriously the minimum reporting requirements intended to safeguard its workforce, suppliers, and people passing through their premises. Only 8% of hotel companies disclosed that they require employers, not employees, to bear the costs of migrant worker recruitment; only 18% recognized the vulnerabilities of agency or migrant workers to modern slavery; and only 14% reported specific policies to prevent sexual exploitation from occurring on their premises. And just one in four of the 71 hotel companies’ modern slavery statements met the minimum requirements of the Modern Slavery Act, meaning that they appeared on the company home page, were signed by a Director or equivalent, and were explicitly approved by the board. Only half of companies produced more than one statement between 2016 and 2019, despite the mandatory requirement to report annually. To improve reporting and ultimately business practice in this sector, the report makes three main recommendations to hotel companies. First, companies must carry out thorough due diligence on human rights, with a focus on sector-specific risks. Without reflecting how modern slavery impacts the hospitality sector specifically, company action will be superficial at best. Second, engagement with peers is key to driving higher standards across hotel operations and supply chains. A multi-stakeholder approach is essential to coordinate an effective, sector-wide response. Yet with the exceptions of the International Tourism Partnership (ITP), the Stop Slavery Hotel Industry Network, and Shiva Hotels’ Blueprint, hotels are failing to collaborate to tackle a collective issue. Third, companies should improve transparency and their modern slavery reporting by disclosing incidents of modern slavery and the steps taken to remedy them. This report shows that as long as hotels continue to fail to even acknowledge these known risks, they will leave their workforce, those using hotel premises, and those working further down their supply chains, vulnerable to forced labour and exploitation. Turkey: Report evidences ongoing exploitation of Syrian refugees in garment industry, despite brand efforts & commitments http://www.xiak5.com/en/turkey-report-evidences-ongoing-exploitation-of-syrian-refugees-in-garment-industry-despite-brand-efforts-commitments Wed, 20 Nov 2019 12:56:49 +0000 Mayisha Begum 199116 at http://www.xiak5.com "Syrian Workers in Turkey's Garment Industry: Looking Back, Moving Forward", 12 November 2019 .... In recent years increasing attention has been directed toward the precarious employment conditions of Syrian refugees in...[the garment] sector... ...This study points to an urgent need to continue working towards improved workplace conditions for Syrian garment workers in Turkey. After years of public attention, the working situation of a huge majority of Syrians remains exploitative to a degree that is not only inconsistent with Turkish labour law but also stands in sharp contrast to brands’ commitments to responsible business conduct... ...[The]?fieldwork finds strong evidence that positive change for Syrian garment workers will depend on a variety of targeted interventions at various scales...interventions should be tailored to the needs of different groups of refugee workers, taking into account the unique challenges they face regarding their age, gender, legal status, level of education and future aspirations... Bahrain: Proposed sponsorship reforms would allow employers "to more easily exploit migrant workers" http://www.xiak5.com/en/bahrain-proposed-sponsorship-reforms-would-allow-employers-to-more-easily-exploit-migrant-workers Wed, 20 Nov 2019 12:59:16 +0000 Isobel Archer 199117 at http://www.xiak5.com "Bahrain: Bill to restrict sponsorship transfer based on faulty information," 12 Nov 2019 Five Bahraini MPs have recently drafted a new?legislative bill?that would require migrants to work for three years with their original sponsor before they can transfer to another sponsor... The five MPs claim the current law is biased in favour of migrant workers... [and] that an increasing number of migrant workers are moving to new companies upon completing one year of employment... Contrary to the MP’s claims, very few migrants actually transfer sponsorship without the consent of their employer... Restrictive labour mobility regimes allow employers to more easily exploit migrant workers and keep wages low. Amazon takes 'first step' towards transparency with publicly disclosed factory list http://www.xiak5.com/en/amazon-takes-first-step-towards-transparency-with-publicly-disclosed-factory-list Wed, 20 Nov 2019 13:20:37 +0000 Mayisha Begum 199118 at http://www.xiak5.com "Amazon Takes Transparency Step", 20 November 2019 Amazon took a...first step toward transparency...by publicly disclosing...the names, addresses, and other details of over 1,000 facilities that produce Amazon-branded products?a broad coalition of human rights groups, labor rights organizations, and global unions said today... ...But the list is not easily accessible, sortable, or sufficiently specific to learn the type of products made in each of the listed facilities, limiting its value for consumers, workers, and labor advocates... ...The coalition wrote to Amazon in 2018 asking that it publish supply chain information in a manner that would, at a minimum, comply with the standard set out in the “Transparency Pledge.”... Ikwezi Mining did not respond http://www.xiak5.com/en/ikwezi-mining-did-not-respond Wed, 20 Nov 2019 13:31:21 +0000 Ana Zbona 199120 at http://www.xiak5.com Weekly Update 20 November 2019: Civil society space in Asia & Australia faces government restriction http://www.xiak5.com/en/weekly-update-20-november-2019-civil-society-space-in-asia-australia-faces-government-restriction Wed, 20 Nov 2019 13:46:16 +0000 Alice Powell 199121 at http://www.xiak5.com Our run down of this week's top stories and breaking news about business & human rights. Includes company responses, the latest jobs and events announcements. READ THE FULL UPDATE Archive of past Weekly Updates since 2005 Weekly update sign-up Japan: Labour officials hold Toyota responsible for worker suicide http://www.xiak5.com/en/japan-labour-officials-hold-toyota-responsible-for-worker-suicide Wed, 20 Nov 2019 14:37:38 +0000 Chisato Sakamoto 199125 at http://www.xiak5.com “Toyota says labor officials found it responsible for worker suicide”, 18 Nov 2019 Toyota Motor Corp...said Japanese labor officials have found it responsible for the suicide of an employee, with the Mainichi Shimbun reporting that workplace bullying at the automaker had led to the employee’s death... The news comes as a shrinking workforce and changing values about work-life balance in Japan have meant companies are increasingly found responsible for workplace-related suicide. Toyota City’s labor standards officials had been investigating the 2017 suicide of a Toyota Motor employee, a spokesman at the automaker confirmed. “It’s true that the labor authority determined it was a workplace injury, but we cannot comment further as discussions between representatives are ongoing,” the spokesman said. Daily newspaper Mainichi Shimbun, which was the first to report the officials’ conclusion, said that the employee’s supervisor had called him an “idiot” said he was “better dead”. The worker committed suicide in a company dormitory at the age of 28, the newspaper reported... Labor officials declined to confirm their decision to Reuters, saying they could not comment on individual cases... Report calls on IMF to integrate gendered perspective on policies implemented in Egypt, Jordan & Tunisia http://www.xiak5.com/en/report-calls-on-imf-to-integrate-gendered-perspective-on-policies-implemented-in-egypt-jordan-tunisia Wed, 20 Nov 2019 15:02:56 +0000 Mayisha Begum 199126 at http://www.xiak5.com "The Gendered Impact of IMF Policies in MENA: The case of Egypt, Jordan and Tunisia" 8 October 2019 This paper takes a closer look at the gendered impact of conventional macroeconomic policies supported by the International Monetary Fund in its loan programmes for Egypt, Jordan and Tunisia since 2012. It calls on the IMF to build on its ongoing efforts to operationalize gender equality, and to go beyond policies of encouraging women’s labour force participation, to consider both productive and reproductive spheres and to integrate a gender perspective in the design of its programmes and policies. The paper also addresses the impact of these policies on poverty and inequality. Microsoft to probe work of Israeli facial recognition startup it funded http://www.xiak5.com/en/microsoft-to-probe-work-of-israeli-facial-recognition-startup-it-funded Wed, 20 Nov 2019 18:12:30 +0000 Christen Dobson 199131 at http://www.xiak5.com Microsoft Corp...?has hired former U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder to investigate whether the use of facial recognition technology developed by an Israeli startup it funded complies with its ethics principles...?Microsoft announced facial recognition ethics principles last year, saying the company would “advocate for safeguards for people’s democratic freedoms in law enforcement surveillance scenarios and will not deploy facial recognition technology in scenarios that we believe will put these freedoms at risk.”...?NBC had reported that AnyVision’s technology was used within the West Bank and at Israeli border crossings. The company told NBC its software was not used for West Bank surveillance and was deployed at border crossings in a manner similar to U.S. Customs’ use of biometric identification at airports...?AnyVision in an August blog post also said that it would announce an ethics advisory board and that it had a responsibility to prevent its technology’s abuse.?? OECD Watch & BankTrack briefing on OECD corporate lending due diligence guidance http://www.xiak5.com/en/oecd-watch-banktrack-briefing-on-oecd-corporate-lending-due-diligence-guidance Thu, 21 Nov 2019 12:18:11 +0000 Saskia Wilks 199192 at http://www.xiak5.com On 28 October?2019, the OECD launched new guidance on?Due Diligence for Responsible Corporate Lending and Securities Underwriting. The guidance is based and elaborates on the?OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises,?representing an important step forward in encouraging responsible conduct by financial sector actors and outlining when and how they are accountable for adverse social and environmental impacts associated with their financial activities.?To explain some of the key highlights of the guidance to civil society, OECD Watch and BankTrack have prepared this analysis and briefing on the strongest elements of the guidance to use in advocacy. An analysis and briefing for civil society organisations on the strongest elements for use in advocacy http://www.xiak5.com/en/an-analysis-and-briefing-for-civil-society-organisations-on-the-strongest-elements-for-use-in-advocacy Thu, 21 Nov 2019 12:19:37 +0000 Saskia Wilks 199193 at http://www.xiak5.com On October 28th, 2019, the OECD launched new guidance on Due Diligence for Responsible Corporate Lending and Securities Underwriting (hereinafter “the guidance”)... It provides authoritative clarifications of government-backed expectations of banks, making particularly important clarifications on issues related to when a bank has “contributed” to an adverse impact through its lending or underwriting and what role a bank can and should play in remediating adverse impacts associated with its activities... Some key areas in which the new paper provides important clarifications and guidance related to the due diligence and responsible conduct expected of banks include: Relationship of banks to adverse impacts and remedy Bank-level grievance mechanisms Transparency and client confidentiality Sustainability responsibilities Public policy advocacy Engagement with rightsholders Disengagement and divestment This briefing provides further elaboration on each of these areas... Zimbabwe: Allegations of child labor practices emerge in Chiredzi’s sugarcane plantations http://www.xiak5.com/en/zimbabwe-allegations-of-child-labor-practices-emerge-in-chiredzi%E2%80%99s-sugarcane-plantations Wed, 20 Nov 2019 10:10:04 +0000 Manson Gwanyanya 199097 at http://www.xiak5.com ‘$1 a week: the bitter poverty of child sugarcane workers in Zimbabwe’ 19 November 2019 The blistering sun beats mercilessly on the Mukwasine sugar plantations near Chiredzi, in south-east?Zimbabwe. It is Sunday morning and the soothing sound of hymns reverberate from a nearby church. For most of the children living near the estate, it is time for Sunday school and listening to Bible stories. But for Tapiwa Mumverenge*, nine, it is another day of toil. In tattered clothes and worn-out plastic shoes, Tapiwa emerges from lofty stacks of sugarcane. Despite his age, he has worked for the past six months at the plantation. He was just seven when he first had to find work, after both his parents died in 2017. Now Tapiwa works to feed himself and his elderly grandmother. “I’ve never been to school. This is all I do,” he tells the Guardian in a shy voice. “I am helping my grandmother. If I don’t do it, we will die of hunger. My grandmother does not want me to go hungry, so she encourages me to work. It is tough, I get sick sometimes.” Tapiwa is joined in this “maricho” (menial work) by his grandmother. They both earn $2 (£1.5) every fortnight…Across the field, a group of children take turns to hold a fishing net in a pond, hoping to catch kapenta fish for dinner. They have all worked on the sugarcane farms. During school holidays the young labourers work in the cane fields for a meagre $10 per month. “If I need schools fees, I have to go for maricho,” says one. “Our parents cannot afford books and other things we need for school so we have to work hard.” …According to a US Department of Labor report?published in September 2018, children in Zimbabwe engage in the what they define as the?“worst forms” of child labour, including mining and agriculture…“We hear this now and again. We always say people should give us evidence. People who come … for work always come with their children, which does not relate to the farmer. “It is strictly prohibited to use children under the age of 18 because our sugar will be called “blood sugar”. Since we sell our sugar around the world, it will not look good on us,” Veterai says.In May Zimbabwe?ratified?the protocol of 2014 to the Forced Labour Convention, demonstrating its commitment to combating forced labour in all its forms Sierra Leone: Environmental rights group sued for defamation by multinational agribusiness firm http://www.xiak5.com/en/sierra-leone-environmental-rights-group-sued-for-defamation-by-multinational-agribusiness-firm Wed, 20 Nov 2019 10:29:37 +0000 Manson Gwanyanya 199098 at http://www.xiak5.com ‘Sierra Leone environmentalist fights contempt charges in High Court’ 9 November 2019 The High Court of Sierra Leone on Thursday adjourned a contempt of court hearing against the rights campaign group, Green Scenery, after the plaintiff, the multinational agribusiness firm SOCFIN failed to turn up in court. Justice Komba Kamanda adjourned the case to November 19th after a brief appearance of the defense on the first day of the hearing. It also followed an application by the Defense Counsel, Lawyer Emmanuel Saffa Abdulai, for a judgment that led to the contempt charges to be set aside. Abdulai is also seeking the court to ascertain the veracity of the ruling supposedly passed by a lower court against his client. Green Scenery, through its Executive Director Joseph Rahall, was initially sued for defamatory libel by SOCFIN in connection to the firm’s battle with campaigners over its operations in the southern region of the country. In 2011 SOCFIN obtained a 50-year lease for 6, 500 ha of a fertile land in Sahn Malen Chiefdom in Pujehun District, where it cultivates palm oil for export. But it has always faced opposition from locals who accuse the company of destroying their livelihoods. They have organized themselves under a community-based rights defenders group called the Malen Affected Land Owners and Users Association (MALOA). Green Scenery, on the other hand, works on Environment Protection, Human rights, land governance Advocacy and sustainable Human Security. The organization has been working with MALOA in providing capacity building since its inception. SOCFIN was offended by a report done by Green Scenery earlier this year, which outlines the issues around the company’s operations. The report titled: ‘Land Grabbing for palm oil in Sierra Leone,’ looked at the human rights implications of SOCFIN’s activities. …SOCFIN, according to Thursday’s proceeding, claimed that it published the outcome of the default judgment in national newspapers. But the defense counsel said the court couldn’t have published the outcome of such a ruling without informing the other party. Lawyer Pa Momoh Fofana, counsel for SOCFIN, would not comment on the issue because it is already in court. Abdulai is also representing 18 members of MALOA who were also scheduled to appear before a magistrate court in a separate case involving SOCFIN on the same day. MALOA is headed by Independent Member of Parliament, Sheika Musa Sama. The accused were arrested following a land conflict between aggrieved land owners and SOCFIN. That incident in January led to the death of two people. So.Africa: Authorities uncover illegally-run factory using child labour and forced labour http://www.xiak5.com/en/soafrica-authorities-uncover-illegally-run-factory-using-child-labour-and-forced-labour Wed, 20 Nov 2019 10:56:18 +0000 Manson Gwanyanya 199101 at http://www.xiak5.com ‘Joburg factory bust for employing children and illegal immigrants under 'horrific' conditions’ 16 November 2019 The Hawks and the labour department this week uncovered an illegally-run Chinese factory in Johannesburg which not only employed children and illegal immigrants, but also subjected them to extremely cheap and forced labour. In a statement posted on the government’s website, the labour department’s chief inspector in Gauteng, Adv Michael Msiza said his inspectors who were there during the bust “expressed shock and disgust” as this was “the most grim site they have ever come across”. He likened the operation to “modern-day slavery”, saying it would not be tolerated in SA. “Such barbaric acts have no place in our democratic state that upholds and promotes freedom, equality and human dignity. There is no human dignity in locking in employees and violating their rights in employment, including a right to earn a minimum wage and to be covered regarding social security,” Msiza said. The group of illegal immigrants from Malawi is said to have been locked up behind high steel gates at premises known as “Beautiful City” in Village Deep. The workers had limited movement, were expected to work seven days a week, with earnings of R65 a day. …The factory specialised in creating the inner cotton of blankets using recycled clothing. “Inspectors found minor children, who are alleged to be around the age of 15,” read the statement from the labour department. “The employer was [allegedly] violating the suite of labour legislation ranging from the National Minimum Wage, Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) Act and Basic Conditions of Employment Act,” said the department. “[On] request to go on leave, they are informed to never come back. Employees lived on the premises in uninhabitable conditions. The employer failed to provide employees with information concerning remuneration and they do not have contracts,” the department added. So.Africa: Attempt to bring illegal miners into the formal fold plagued by violence in Kimberly’s diamond industry http://www.xiak5.com/en/soafrica-attempt-to-bring-illegal-miners-into-the-formal-fold-plagued-by-violence-in-kimberly%E2%80%99s-diamond-industry Wed, 20 Nov 2019 11:11:49 +0000 Manson Gwanyanya 199102 at http://www.xiak5.com ‘IN KIMBERLEY, THE WORLD'S DIAMOND CAPITAL, ILLICIT MINING FIGHT FLOUNDERS’ 12 November 2019 The first South African project to bring illegal miners into the formal fold has been plagued by violence in diamond capital Kimberley, dealing a major blow to national efforts to stem a booming illicit trade. The project was launched 18 months ago in Kimberley, the site of a 19th-century diamond rush that lured fortune-seekers from the world over. Mine owners granted more than 800 unlicensed, or informal, small-scale miners the right to legally mine around 1,500 acres of diamond-rich waste fields. The aim of the government-backed scheme was to curb illegal mining and black-market trade of diamonds, and serve as a blueprint for future attempts elsewhere in the country, not only in the diamond sector, but also potentially manganese, gold and chrome. However, the project has been hit by violence, with informal miners not included in the scheme attacking infrastructure and even members of the newly licensed cooperative, according to mine owner Ekapa Minerals which is running the initiative. …The Ekapa project’s woes show the urgent need for the government to provide clear policy on small-scale or “artisanal” mining using rudimentary techniques, campaigners say. In contrast with other African countries such as Mali, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Tanzania, South African law has no provisions for this. “Our legislative framework is just missing in action when it comes to artisanal and small-scale mining,” said David Perkins, an economist at Mining Dialogues 360, an NGO. Efforts to bring illegal mining into the mainstream are also hindered by a lack of accurate data about how many are involved, what income they generate, and under what conditions they work. Zimbabwe: Mining firm’s partnership with local communities likely to reduce cases of illegal mining http://www.xiak5.com/en/zimbabwe-mining-firm%E2%80%99s-partnership-with-local-communities-likely-to-reduce-cases-of-illegal-mining Wed, 20 Nov 2019 11:19:23 +0000 Manson Gwanyanya 199103 at http://www.xiak5.com ‘Illegal diamond mining activities set to drop as ZCDC partners local communities’ 19 November 2019 Cases of illegal diamond panning in Marange are likely to drop following a new deal which will see local communities?partnering the Zimbabwe Consolidated?Diamond Company (ZCDC) and UK Stock listed company Vast Resources to mine the gems in the Chiadzwa diamond fields.? ZCDC chief security officer, Ellias Mvere, recently told an all?stakeholders diamond indaba held in the eastern border town last week that a total of 3 259 illegal diamond panners were arrested from January to November this year with locals constituting 79%?of the arrests. Civic society and local traditional leadership cited unemployment, high poverty levels and hunger as major reasons forcing locals to engage in illegal diamond mining activities. “ZCDC want to form partnership with locals in the mining of diamonds and the agreement is expected to be signed by the end of the year. We are close to sign a joint venture?to establish a company called Katanga which a joint venture between locals and a British capital listed company Vast Resources,” said De Preto. He said this is the first time the community will become an active shareholder in the mining of diamonds. “They will not be just partners but they will also receive profits from the mining activities,” said the acting chief executive officer adding “we are looking forward for the joint venture to be signed soon”. …The local community welcomed the development as a step in the right direction in addressing the problems which were left unsolved by former mining companies. Zimbabwe`s diamond production reached 1,8 million carats in 2017,going up to 2,8 million carats in 2018 while the target for this year and next five years is 3.1 million and 6.12 million carats respectively. Zambia: Mines urged to ensure safety of workers and communities after ‘sulphur dioxide leak’ and mining plant http://www.xiak5.com/en/zambia-mines-urged-to-ensure-safety-of-workers-and-communities-after-%E2%80%98sulphur-dioxide-leak%E2%80%99-and-mining-plant Wed, 20 Nov 2019 12:28:39 +0000 Manson Gwanyanya 199110 at http://www.xiak5.com ‘Mines should prioritise health, safety’ 16 November 2019 WE ARE deeply concerned about the incident that happened yesterday when over 200 pupils at Nchanga Trust Secondary School and 43 miners at Konkola Copper Mines (KCM) in Chingola were admitted to hospital after being choked by a cocktail of unknown gases emitted from an acid plant at Nchanga Mine. According to reports from the scene, the mine plant was on Thursday around 19:00 hours shut down temporarily following power disruption. Due to congestion, 53 miners who had suffocated in the night were evacuated to Konkola Mine Hospital in Chililabombwe. Whereas it is comforting that the Grade 12 pupils were treated and discharged and allowed to sit for the examinations, which started two hours later, it is worth noting that the traumatic experience they went through could affect their performance in the examinations. While we are also happy that there was no loss of life and the affected pupils and miners are in a stable condition, the incident raises serious concerns about occupational health and safety at the mines. … It is hoped that thorough investigations will be conducted to establish what really transpired at Nchanga Mine to avoid any such re-occurrence. As the affected pupils go back to school and miners to their work station, it is important to make sure that the premises are safe for them to operate from. Needless to say lessons must be drawn that mining companies cannot afford to leave any stone unturned in ensuring environmental and occupational health and safety. Zambia: Minister wants tough action against mining company responsible for sulphur dioxide leak incident http://www.xiak5.com/en/zambia-minister-wants-tough-action-against-mining-company-responsible-for-sulphur-dioxide-leak-incident Wed, 20 Nov 2019 12:33:58 +0000 Manson Gwanyanya 199111 at http://www.xiak5.com ‘Mines Minister calls for action after 200 pupils were rushed to hospital after inhaling emissions from KCM’ 19 November 2019 Mines Minister Richard Musukwa has directed the Mine Safety Department and Zambia Environmental Management Agency to use all provisions of the law to deal with Konkola Copper Mines -KCM following the air pollution which happened in Chingola last week. Last week, over 200 pupils and 40 KCM employees in Chingola were rushed to hospitals after inhaling sulphuric acid which KCM released from its acid plant. …Speaking when he paid a courtesy call on Chingola District Commissioner Mary Chibesa, the Minister said the two agencies must use all the provisions of the law to deal with KCM because its pollution is well documented. Mr. Musukwa said once KCM is made to answer for its actions, all mining houses will see it as an example not to indiscriminately pollute the environment. …Earlier, Mrs. Chibesa said KCM had been polluting rivers and fields for a long time. She complained that despite several pleas from her office, KCM has not been responding to the many incidences of pollution. The Mines Minister, who is accompanied by Director Mine Safety Mooya Lumamba and Nchanga Member of Parliament Chali Chilombo, is about to visit the acid plant were the sulphuric acid was discharged last week. Zambia: Vedanta says that it has not had access to cite of ‘sulphur dioxide leak’ incident for 6 months http://www.xiak5.com/en/zambia-vedanta-says-that-it-has-not-had-access-to-cite-of-%E2%80%98sulphur-dioxide-leak%E2%80%99-incident-for-6-months Wed, 20 Nov 2019 12:40:05 +0000 Manson Gwanyanya 199113 at http://www.xiak5.com ‘Vedanta concerned about sulphur dioxide leak at KCM smelter’ 17 November 2019 Diversified miner Vedanta Resources on Friday said it was “deeply concerned” about reports of a sulphur dioxide leak at the Nchanga smelter acid plant owned by Konkola Copper Mines (KCM), in Zambia. It noted that reports have emerged that KCM employees and pupils attending the nearby Nchanga Trust School were hospitalised as a result. Vedanta has not had access to any of KCM’s facilities since the provisional liquidator?Milingo Lungu?was appointed on May 21. Vedanta said it had, on several occasions in the six months since then, attempted to engage with Lungu on areas of concern, especially as regards issues of safety and maintenance at KCM’s facilities. On Friday, over 50 KCM employees and several pupils at Nchanga Trust School were taken to Nchanga South Hospital after being affected by the abnormal Sulphur Dioxide discharge. According to sources at the mine, the situation which happened around 02:00 hours resulted in more than 50 employees suffocating. …“The Zambia Environmental Management Agency (ZEMA) would like to inform members of the general public that there was an incident recorded last night, 14th November, 2019 at Konkola Copper Mines (KCM) Nchanga Mine involving an abnormal discharge of Sulphur Dioxide from the Sulphur Burner component of the Acid Plant. This unfortunate incident resulted in a number of people living in the surrounding areas of the plant being affected by the emissions. Preliminary information made available by KCM indicates that some people have been hospitalised,” said Chipili. Colombia: Justicia estadounidense reconstruye vínculos entre empresarios mineros de esmeraldas y paramilitarismo en Boyacá http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199078 Tue, 19 Nov 2019 23:59:44 +0000 Tania Correa 199078 at http://www.xiak5.com Los esmeralderos que llevaron las Auc a Boyacá, según EE. UU.?El Espectador, 19 Nov 2019 La justicia estadounidense reconstruyó la historia de la entrada de los hombres de "El Alemán" a ese departamento en medio del proceso por narcotráfico en contra de Horacio Triana, quien admitió cargos el 15 de noviembre. (...) Además de conocerse el indictment -el equivalente a la acusación en Colombia- y los acuerdos a los que llegó con la justicia estadounidense, se tuvo acceso al documento de los hechos fácticos por los que Horacio de Jesús Triana fue acusado de conspiración para distribuir drogas hacía los Estados Unidos. Más allá de las acciones realizadas por el esmeraldero, este documento revela la forma cómo las Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia, comandadas por Freddy Rendón (alias El Alemán), llegaron a principio de los 2000 a la región esmeraldera de Boyacá.(...) El líder de los Rincón le habría vendido una peque?a participación en una de sus minas a Yesid Nieto, una persona que, de acuerdo con la justicia norteamericana, era conocida por sus nexos con las Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia (Auc). Ante la amenaza guerrillera y las millonarias vacunas, Pedro Orejas le habría pedido a Nieto ayuda para traer las Auc a Boyacá para “enfrentar y expulsar” a las Farc.(...) La versión dada por la justicia estadounidense concuerda con muchas de las revelaciones hechas por El Alemán en sus declaraciones en Justicia y Paz y entrevistas con distintos medios de comunicación. Según el líder exparamilitar, varios esmeralderos (entre los que estaba Víctor Carranza, Yesid Nieto y Horacio de Jesús Triana) acordaron con él y Carlos Casta?o para enviar hombres a Boyacá a cambio de un impuesto por la producción de esmeraldas. Perú: Delegación peruana de la sociedad civil denuncia en Bruselas impactos sociales de la minería http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199079 Wed, 20 Nov 2019 00:22:49 +0000 Tania Correa 199079 at http://www.xiak5.com "Minería en Perú y la UE: El tajo abierto contaminará el mundo entero" -?19 de noviembre de 2019 La extracción de los minerales que requiere Europa la sufren en carne y hueso las poblaciones de Perú. Para sensibilizar tanto a políticos como a la sociedad, una delegación peruana visitó Bruselas. DW habló con ella...Sobre Virginia Pinares, líder campesina de Cotabambas, en Perú, pende una posible condena de once a?os por obstrucción de vías hacia la mina de Las Bambas [parte de MMG, parte de China Minmetals]. En Bruselas, Pineras forma parte de una delegación, patrocinada por la red EU-LAT y la Plataforma Europa-Perú, que quiere hacer visible el costo social que tiene al otro lado del océano el mineral que se consume acá.(...) "Ni en el caso de Julia Cuadros ni en el caso de Virginia Pineras existía una sola prueba de lo que las acusaba”, explica a DW David Velazco, de Fedepaz, organización que promueve y defiende derechos humanos en Perú. "No sólo en Perú, en toda América Latina, se detecta una instrumentalización del Derecho Penal para tratar de acusar a quienes protestan con la idea de detenerlos y desmovilizar la protesta”, puntualiza el abogado de Fedepaz.(...) Qué debe cambiar? Teniendo en cuenta que la Unión Europea tiene acuerdos comerciales con todos esos países que exportan al Viejo Continente, especialmente materias primas y minerales, el campo de acción es evidente.?"Por lo pronto, el instrumento 'Principios Rectores de Empresas y Derechos Humanos'?de la UE es absolutamente insuficiente, porque su aplicación es voluntaria”, dice Cuadros. No obstante, en todo espacio de diálogo de la UE con sus socios, Cuadros detecta una ventana de posibilidad...."No puede ser que cada vez que haya un conflicto social se declare el estado de emergencia ni que la fuerza pública reprima a las poblaciones por orden de una empresa. Es inadmisible que en el corredor minero en Cotabambas no sólo esté la Policía Nacional sino el Ejército, y que la nueva legislación de Perú proteja a las minas como 'activos críticos'?en detrimento de la población”, concluye Cuadros. Latinoamérica: Clínicas jurídicas se unen para la defensa de los derechos ambientales a favor de comunidades http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199133 Wed, 20 Nov 2019 18:38:11 +0000 Lina López 199133 at http://www.xiak5.com “Clínicas jurídicas ambientales: así luchan universidades latinoamericanas por derechos colectivos y la naturaleza”- 20 de noviembre de 2019 …Once universidades de Perú, Brasil, Chile y Colombia formaron la Alianza de Clínicas Jurídicas Ambientales…[La]Propuesta académica atiende problemas de deforestación, contaminación por mercurio, fracking y aporta al debate legislativo nacional y regional…La semana pasada, la Clínica Jurídica de Medio Ambiente y Salud Pública de la Universidad de Los Andes, en Colombia, presentó una acción de amparo ante la justicia de su país para pedir la protección de todos los pueblos indígenas del Amazonas colombiano que han visto vulnerada su existencia, su seguridad alimentaria y su salud por el mercurio presente en los diferentes ríos del Amazonas…Las clínicas jurídicas ambientales forman parte de una iniciativa académica de distintas universidades latinoamericanas que han decidido llevar la práctica del derecho al campo para defender causas colectivas importantes…Una de las primeras medidas tomadas por los integrantes de la Alianza de Clínicas Jurídicas Ambientales ha sido emitir un pronunciamiento para exhortar a los Estados de América Latina y el Caribe a firmar y ratificar el Acuerdo de Escazú. Un compromiso regional sobre acceso a la información, participación pública y acceso a la justicia ambiental que adoptaron los países de América Latina y El Caribe en marzo de 2018, que debe ser ratificado por cada una de las naciones signatarias… Brasil: Presidente impulsa la abolición de tierras indígenas y zonas protegidas para facilitar la expansión minera y de la agroindustria http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199134 Wed, 20 Nov 2019 18:52:03 +0000 Lina López 199134 at http://www.xiak5.com “Gobernadores estatales apoyan los planes de Bolsonaro para promover la agroindustria y la minería en la Amazonía”- 15 de noviembre de 2019 …En una reunión convocada por Jair Bolsonaro con los gobernadores de nueve estados del Amazonas para discutir los incendios de la región, el presidente presionó a los gobernadores para que respaldasen sus políticas, las cuales tienen como objetivo llevar importantes operaciones mineras y de la agroindustria a las tierras indígenas. Esto sería una violación directa de la Constitución de 1988…Los gobernadores de Acre, Roraima, Tocantins, Rondonia, Amazonas, Mato Grosso y Amapá respaldaron a Bolsonaro. Solo los gobernadores de Pará y Maranh?o se oponían a abrir más áreas forestales al desarrollo y favorecían mantener los actuales derechos indígenas al uso de las tierras…La mayoría de los gobernadores estatales estaban de acuerdo con Bolsonaro en que los grupos indígenas controlan demasiado terreno brasile?o que podría ser usado para la explotación minera o la agroindustria, lo que aportaría grandes beneficios para la nación, a la vez que llevaía a la población indígena hacia la sociedad convencional brasile?a… “?Por qué el litio es uno de los motivos del golpe de Estado en Bolivia?” http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199139 Wed, 20 Nov 2019 19:16:27 +0000 Lina López 199139 at http://www.xiak5.com 20 de noviembre de 2019 …Transnacionales mineras de EE.UU. y Canadá aspiran contralar la explotación del litio en Bolivia…El objetivo principal son sus enormes depósitos de litio, cruciales para los automóviles eléctricos…Ante esta realidad, el presidente Morales trató ?de construir una relación diferente entre el país y sus recursos naturales. No deseaba que esos recursos beneficien a las transnacionales mineras, sino a su propia población…Actualmente el ?75 por ciento de las reservas globales de litio se encuentran en el triángulo Bolivia/Chile/Argentina hecho que ha motivado la codicia de EE.UU. y sus aliados occidentales debido al uso del mineral para las baterías de los carros eléctricos y los teléfonos inteligentes…Para hacer frente a las presiones e intereses de occidente por el litio, el Gobierno de Evo Morales selló un acuerdo con China por mil millones de dólares para explotar el mineral…Al consumarse el Golpe de estado, las mineras renovaron su interés en conseguir los derechos para explotar el Salar de Uyuni en Bolivia, la primera reserva global de litio…Ante el incremento en la fabricación de teléfonos inteligentes, autos eléctricos, drones, y otros artefactos electrónicos, el control y explotación de la mayor reserva de litio representa una riqueza que las mineras transnacionales no pueden dejar escapar…En 20 a?os la producción de litio se ha triplicado y se espera que se duplique su demanda en 2025… Inversiones del Banco Africano de Desarrollo en energía solar y eólica buscarían la superación de la pobreza http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199140 Wed, 20 Nov 2019 19:42:04 +0000 Lina López 199140 at http://www.xiak5.com “Inversión para hacer de áfrica un líder mundial en energías renovables”- 19 de noviembre de 2019 …En áfrica solo la mitad de sus 1 200 millones de habitantes tienen acceso a la electricidad, pero sus líderes avanzan ahora a convertir al continente en un líder de la energía renovable…El Foro de Inversión de áfrica,, celebrado en la ciudad sudafricana de Johannesburgo entre el 11 y el 13 de este mes y donde participaron algunos gobernantes, junto líderes en desarrollo sostenible y la energía limpia, analizaron como dar un gran salto para la ampliación del sector en el continente…Ese desarrollo energético sostenible va a requerir una inversión de 67 000 millones de dólares, según estableció el organizador del Foro, el Banco Africano de Desarrollo (BAFD)…Alain Ebobisse, presidente ejecutivo de áfrica 50, la plataforma de inversión en infraestructura panafricana financiada por el BAFD, dijo que hay un consenso de los líderes africanos de que hay que atrae lo máximo posible a la inversión privada en esa meta de multiplicar la energía sostenible…La mayor inversión en esa dirección del BAFD es la Iniciativa del Desierto hacia la Electricidad, destinada a suministrar 10 GW de energía solar para abastecer a 250 millones de personas en 11 países de la región del Sahel…La entidad multilateral del continente considera que ?la falta de energía sigue siendo un impedimento significativo para el desarrollo económico y social de áfrica?…De hecho, estima que la pobreza energética en áfrica le cuesta al continente anualmente entre dos y cuatro por ciento de su producto interno bruto… Reino Unido: Entidad reguladora estatal cuestiona el monopolio en la prestación de servicios de internet http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199144 Wed, 20 Nov 2019 20:05:30 +0000 Lina López 199144 at http://www.xiak5.com “OFCOM: Concentración de proveedores de servicios en Internet obstaculiza la competencia y la innovación”- 19 de noviembre de 2019 …La concentración de pocos proveedores de servicios “en línea” dificulta la entrada de nuevos jugadores en el mercado y las posibilidades de innovación, de acuerdo con el estudio del regulador británico, OFCOM, ?Online market failures and harms. An economic perspective on the challenges and opportunities in regulating online services” [Fallas de mercado y da?os en el mercado online. Una perspectiva económica de los desafíos y oportunidades para la regulación de servicios en línea]…El documento sostiene que las propias características de los servicios online pueden generar fallas en el mercado que causen da?os a los consumidores y a la sociedad en diversas formas…Estos atributos de los servicios tienen el potencial de generar fallas en el mercado, entre las que el estudio destaca: el poder de mercado en pocos proveedores, que dificulta la entrada de nuevos jugadores; la generación de barreras para que los usuarios cambien de proveedor; la asimetría de información (muchas veces los consumidores no cuentan con la información o conocimiento técnico necesario que necesitan para elegir un productos); los comportamientos sesgados (los proveedores pueden usar sesgos para influir en las elecciones de los consumidores); y las externalidades (el impacto negativo para la sociedad de decisiones de, por ejemplo, la desinformación)…Además, las plataformas utilizan datos que les permiten conocer las preferencias de los usuarios y a partir de ahí cambian los algoritmos para personalizar los servicios. Esto genera incentivos para que los proveedores recolecten datos para atraer la atención de los consumidores y colocar anuncios dirigidos…OFCOM explica que si las plataformas utilizan los datos para influir las decisiones de los consumidores a través de servicios dirigidos y personalizados, esto puede limitar su exposición a una variedad de puntos de vista y debilitar la competencia de potenciales entrantes… RDC: La mise en ?uvre du nouveau code minier n'a pas encore permis l'amélioration des conditions de vie de la population, selon les observateurs http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/198969 Tue, 19 Nov 2019 00:43:44 +0000 Aliou Diouf 198969 at http://www.xiak5.com "RDC: quel bilan pour la première année de mise en ?uvre du nouveau code minier", 17 novembre 2019? Dans la province du Lualaba...qui accueille l'entreprise Tenke Fungurume Mining, les avis sont partagés, car les recettes rétrocédées n’arrivent pas jusqu’aux communes où sont implantées les entreprises.?Tenke Fungurume Mining produit plus de 168?000 tonnes de cuivre par an et 18?000 tonnes de cobalt. En une année, elle a versé plus de 8 millions de dollars à la chefferie Bunkeya au titre de la redevance minière. Des infrastructures comme une université, des batiments administratifs et une station radio ont été construits depuis au chef-lieu de la chefferie.? ??L’éducation, c’est l’avenir, mais l’énergie, c’est la force pour pouvoir modifier l’habitat, et distribuer le courant tant dans les maisons d’habitation que dans les petites industries,?explique Godefroid Munongo, grand chef coutumier de Bunkeya.?Nous allons construire une centrale photovolta?que...??Si on est satisfait au chef-lieu de la chefferie, ce n’est pas le cas dans les deux localités où l’entreprise est implantée, et notamment à Fungurumé. Pour son responsable, le chef Mpala, les investissements ne sont pas à la hauteur des montants annoncés. ??Quand vous allez là-bas, là où il y a la poule aux ?ufs d’or, Tenke et Fungurume, ce sont mes terres, ?a ne reflète pas les millions dont on parle.?? Pour la société civile du Lualaba, le problème ne se limite pas à Fungurume. L'observatoire des ressources en Afrique australe affirme même que l’argent rétrocédé n’aurait eu aucun impact pour les populations dans certaines entités décentralisées. Il réclame un audit de toutes les entités bénéficiaires de la redevance minière. RDC: Le BIT développe un programme de lutte contre le travail des enfants dans les mines de cobalt http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/198970 Tue, 19 Nov 2019 01:01:04 +0000 Aliou Diouf 198970 at http://www.xiak5.com "RDC: comment lutter contre le travail des enfants dans les mines?", 14 novembre 2019? Le Forum de Paris sur la paix s’est terminé ce mercredi. L’occasion, pour la société civile, des associations ou des ONG, de présenter leurs projets, dans les secteurs dans lesquels ils sont engagés. L’un des projets présentés concerne la lutte contre le travail des enfants dans les mines de cobalt, en République démocratique du Congo.?Difficile de savoir précisément combien d’enfants travaillent dans les mines de cobalt artisanales en République démocratique du Congo. Un pays qui assure plus de la moitié de la production mondiale de ce minerai très prisé, que l’on retrouve par exemple dans les smartphones. Le Bureau international du travail mène actuellement un projet, pour combattre le travail des enfants?dans ces mines de Kolwezi, dans le sud de la RDC. L’administrateur du BIT, chargé des programmes pour l’Afrique centrale, explique qu’il existe un plan sectoriel, au niveau national, depuis 2017...Mais pour Roger Nkambu, il faut aller au-delà de la volonté politique, et prendre des mesures pour traiter?le fond du problème?:???Il faut faire attention parce qu’aujourd’hui, tous les parents qui font travailler leurs enfants, ce n’est pas de gaieté de c?ur, mais peut-être qu’ils sont forcés à le faire. Tout simplement parce qu’il y a la pauvreté des familles à la base. Et donc, il va falloir trouver des alternatives à la fois pour les familles et pour les enfants.?? C’est d’autant plus important, poursuit Roger Nkambu, que ces enfants constituent un vivier pour les groupes armés. Il faut donc leur offrir la possibilité d’une éducation, et d’un avenir de qualité?: ??Si la population peut avoir un transport tous les jours, si la population peut faire éduquer ses enfants tous les jours, si la population peut manger tous les jours, c’est là que les changements pourront commencer.?? ? ? Afrique: Des groupes armés, dont des jihadistes, trouvent dans l’exploitation aurifère artisanale une nouvelle source de financement et un terrain de recrutement, selon un nouveau rapport http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/198973 Tue, 19 Nov 2019 01:29:13 +0000 Aliou Diouf 198973 at http://www.xiak5.com Association of Professional Societies in East call for stringent regulation of food manufacturers after suspension of food items due to safety concerns http://www.xiak5.com/en/association-of-professional-societies-in-east-call-for-stringent-regulation-of-food-manufacturers-after-suspension-of-food-items-due-to-safety-concerns Tue, 19 Nov 2019 04:54:36 +0000 Joseph Kibugu 198983 at http://www.xiak5.com "Professionals call for stringent regulation of food companies" Kenyan professionals want stern corrective measures taken to address the recent withdrawal of maize flour and select peanut butter varieties from retail chain shelves.?The Association of Professional Societies in East Africa (APSEA) and its corporate member the Kenya Institute of Food Science and Technology (KIFST) said safety was key to confidence in processed foodstuff.?“The suspension of some maize flour brands due to high levels of aflatoxin is of great concern and alarming. We support industrialisation but all the manufacturers must be held accountable at all times as a way of ensuring their products are safe for human consumption,” said APSEA chairman Felix Okatch. He said manufacturers must ensure raw materials received from suppliers are at zero levels of aflatoxins with moisture content at below 15 percent before processing various product for sale.?Mr Okatch said the Kenya Bureau of Standards (Kebs), which ordered withdrawal of Dola, Kifaru, Starehe, 210 Two Ten and Jembe maize flour brands as well as seven peanut butter brands — Nuteez, True nuts, Fressy, Supa meal, Sue’s Naturals, Zesta and Nutty by Nature must engage the manufacturers regularly to avert such incidents. Forum Session - United Nations Forum on Business and Human Rights http://www.xiak5.com/en/forum-session-united-nations-forum-on-business-and-human-rights Session | 27 November | Geneva Tue, 19 Nov 2019 10:00:31 +0000 Maja Janjic 198988 at http://www.xiak5.com Multi-stakeholder initiatives promoted by States to drive business respect for human rights - effectiveness and lessons learned?? On the basis of the UNGPs and the OECD-Guidelines, governments expect companies to transact business with respect for human rights and the environment. As part of the State’s duty to protect, governments have acted as catalysts for driving business respect for human rights by taking measures, including those that promote and facilitate multi stakeholder initiatives (MSIs). This Forum session will focus on these innovative MSIs promoted and/or facilitated by States to drive business respect for human rights in a variety of sectors. We would like to exchange experiences and lessons learned, and discuss options for scaling up such initiatives. Questions that have been formulated for this session includes the following. How have different States promoted and facilitated MSIs to drive business respect for human rights? What are the lessons learned from these initiatives? And how can a multi stakeholder approach be effective given the specific context of a State: what works? Also, how can the impact of MSIs be scaled up? And how can MSIs strengthen each other and complement other existing measures that promote responsible business conduct (for example legislation on due diligence)? We invite you to join us and share your experiences in our interactive Forum session! You will be given ample opportunity to ask questions and share your views on the topic. The speakers of the panel are: Maylis Souque, Ministry of Economy, France Daniel Sakyi Asiedu, Ministry of Employment & Labour Relations, Ghana Anna-Lena Klassen, Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, Germany Alexandra van Selm, Social and Economic Council, the Netherlands The moderator of the session will be Dante Pesce - Member of the UN Working Group on the issue of human rights and transnational corporations and other business enterprises. We look forward to welcoming you to the session. For more information please contact InternationalRBC-agreements@ser.nl French Polynesia: Sustainability pledge by Australian-owned company amid concerns about renewed phosphate mining http://www.xiak5.com/en/french-polynesia-sustainability-pledge-by-australian-owned-company-amid-concerns-about-renewed-phosphate-mining Tue, 19 Nov 2019 10:51:44 +0000 Filip Sys 198994 at http://www.xiak5.com "Phosphate mining on French Polynesia's Makatea step closer", 14 November 2019 Amid resistance by environmental groups,…Avenir Makatea has been lobbying for years to extract 6.5 million tonnes of phosphate…from the raised atoll. The company’s head Colin Randall [said]…“This will…create employment, but more importantly for the land owners…you’ll end up with sustainable development and they can decide what they want to do with their land”… Between 1906 and 1966, Makatea was ravaged by phosphate mining. [At] the height…, Makatea had about 3000 inhabitants but the number has since dwindled to below 100. In 2017, the mining minister…told local television that Makatea could not be left as it was. [The] Association Te Rupe no Makatea was alarmed at the mining plans…, its president…[saying] with its rich biodiversity, Matakea…[serves] as a refuge for an area threatened by [rising] sea-levels.?[The]…new mining code...has been produced for the assembly commission’s consideration and is expected to be approved. [O]pposition assembly member and landowner, Moetai Brotherson, [said]…“…I’m really wary for Makatea because we have a lot of landowners and inhabitants who are against the intended project that they are going to use…an expedited process”. The mining code [suggests]…that compensation [to the landowners] would be well above the legal minimum.? ? [T]he Economic, Social, Environmental and Cultural Council, gave its assessment of the draft, pointing out that the impact of renewed mining is not known,…[also] refer[ring] to the Environmental Charter…as there was an obligation to protect the environment. The Council…went as far as saying that for the duration of the mining project there had to be…[public]…participation. Brotherson said he feared the [use of the] so-called 'SAGE'...process…“you can only give advice on the internet….people who don’t have good internet won’t be able to give their thoughts…”. ?An online petition to stop mining has attracted almost a quarter of a million signatures. Guinée: AngloGold Ashanti suspend ses activités suite à l'invasion de sa mine par les populations qui exigent le bitumage d'une route, l'entreprise dit négocier avec elles http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/198998 Tue, 19 Nov 2019 11:36:59 +0000 Aliou Diouf 198998 at http://www.xiak5.com "Guinée?: AngloGold suspend les opérations à sa mine d’or de Siguiri", 18 novembre 2019 AngloGold Ashanti a suspendu les activités d’exploitation aurifère à son projet Siguiri, en Guinée, pour protéger ses biens et son personnel suite à des manifestations de protestation de la communauté locale. Sa filiale Société aurifère de Guinée a indiqué que des manifestants originaires de Fatoyah ont envahi le site vendredi, érigé des barricades et perturbé la production afin d’exiger le bitumage d’une route. ? ??Il y a un accord tacite entre la SAG et les villageois (...) pour goudronner cette route??,?a déclaré...Moussa Condé, un des résidents. De son c?té, Stewart Bailey, un porte-parole d’AngloGold Ashanti a indiqué que l’entreprise est en pourparlers avec les dirigeants communautaires pour résoudre le différend. Une des premières conséquences de l’arrêt des opérations à Siguiri est que les habitants de la ville qui dépendent de la centrale électrique de la compagnie sont dans le noir. La centrale a été éteinte et la fourniture électrique a été arrêtée. Human rights concerns in Qatar and the UAE behind decision to exclude G4S from Norwegian Sovereign Wealth Fund http://www.xiak5.com/en/human-rights-concerns-in-qatar-and-the-uae-behind-decision-to-exclude-g4s-from-norwegian-sovereign-wealth-fund Tue, 19 Nov 2019 11:46:22 +0000 Adam Barnett 198999 at http://www.xiak5.com Guinea: Villagers claim Rio Tinto joint-owned mine is linked to polluted farmlands and waterways http://www.xiak5.com/en/guinea-villagers-claim-rio-tinto-joint-owned-mine-is-linked-to-polluted-farmlands-and-waterways Tue, 19 Nov 2019 12:12:20 +0000 Filip Sys 199001 at http://www.xiak5.com "Mine joint-owned by Australian mining giant Rio Tinto is polluting community in Guinea, villagers say", 11 November 2019 Villagers from the area surrounding the bauxite mine [say]…that rivers and farmland have been polluted as a result of…mining and surveying activities…[and] the mining company has conducted surveys on their lands without permission. “[W]e ran out of drinking water…most of our backwaters have been polluted. The air is polluted. Dust is dropping on our plants…[t]here’s less cultivatable soil available” [(villager, Kounssa Bailo Barry)]. Boke [Mine]…is operated by…Compaigne des Bauxites de Guinee (CBG)…[and] Rio Tinto is the part-owner of CBG, along with Alcoa and Dadco, in partnership with the Guinean Government. Households from 13 villages…have lodged a formal complaint against…the International Finance Corporation (IFC), which provided CBG with a…loan in 2016. The villagers are being assisted by [NGO] Inclusive Development International (IDI), which claims aluminium from the…mine has found its way into the supply chains of…Coca Cola, Red Bull, BMW, Fiat-Crysler, Ferrari, Coors and Campbell’s Soup. The complaint has been filed with the independent watchdog of the IFC, [accusing] the lending organisation of breaching its own standards and international law. Barry said the local authorities…sided with the mining company over the local inhabitants…“the community can complain, but we never hear anything back”.? In September 2017, people in the Boke region rioted…several were shot dead by Guinean security forces. Other villagers [said]…authorities intimidated villagers into silence…IDI said that the owners of the mine…should shoulder responsibility for the impact of the mine. Rio Tinto said: “it is in our policies and standards,…aligned with the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, to identify whether we have caused or contributed to adverse human rights impacts and…to engage in a remedy. We are…supporting CBG’s participation…in the IFC’s grievance mechanism”. C?te d'Ivoire: LafargeHolcim plante des arbres à l'occasion de la journée de la paix http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199004 Tue, 19 Nov 2019 12:46:19 +0000 Aliou Diouf 199004 at http://www.xiak5.com "C?te d’Ivoire: LafargeHolcim plante 3000 acacias pour la journée de la paix", 18 novembre 2019 ?En C?te d’Ivoire, chaque 15 novembre est consacré à la célébration de la Paix. Et cette célébration est généralement marquée par des opérations de reboisemen. Au delà d’une simple symbolique, les autorités ivoiriennes ont institutionnalisé ce geste pour inciter chaque citoyen à participer au reboisement et ainsi lutter contre les effets du réchauffement climatique. Sutout que selon les chiffres officiels, le pays a perdu plus de 80% de ses forêts en un demi-siècle. La C?te d’Ivoire célèbre donc la paix en plantant des arbres. Et LafargeHolcim C?te d’Ivoire n’a pas voulu être en reste de cet élan national. Le producteur du ciment Bélier a donc, à travers l’opération #LHCIplantetaforêt, organisé un planting de trois milles (3000) graines d’acacia du 11 au 15 novembre 2019. L’Acacia, reconnu pour sa croissance rapide, absorbe deux fois plus de carbone que d’autres essences. C?te d'Ivoire: La Première Dame, Mme Dominique Ouattara, s'investit entièrement dans la lutte contre la traite, l’exploitation et le travail des enfants http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199009 Tue, 19 Nov 2019 13:33:26 +0000 Aliou Diouf 199009 at http://www.xiak5.com "Lutte contre le travail des enfants en C?te-d’Ivoire: La Première Dame sur plusieurs fronts", 19 novembre 2019 La Première Dame de la C?te d’Ivoire, Mme Dominique Ouattara, est très engagée dans la lutte contre le travail des enfants dans son pays. En effet, elle préside le Comité national de surveillance des actions de lutte contre la traite, l’exploitation et le travail des enfants (CNS) créé en novembre 2011 en même temps que le Comité interministériel de lutte contre la traite, l’exploitation et le travail des enfants (CIM).?A la tête de ce comité, l’épouse du chef de l’Etat est au four et au moulin pour que les enfants soient à l’école plut?t que dans des ateliers, des plantations de cacao ou de café, en train d’effectuer des travaux dangereux pour leur age. Ainsi, des actions sont menées dans les domaines de la prévention du travail des enfants, de la protection des enfants qui en sont victimes, de la poursuite et de la répression des trafiquants et dans celui de la coordination et du suivi-évaluation de la lutte. On notera l’action de la fondation de Mme Ouattara, à savoir la Fondation Children of Africa. Il s’agit de la construction, en 2018, d’un centre d’accueil pour enfants en détresse à Soubré, en zone cacaoyère pour assurer une protection et une prise en charge adéquate des enfants victimes de la traite et de l’exploitation qui sont retirés des mains des trafiquants. Deux autres centres d’accueil sont en cours de finition à Bouaké et à Ferkessédougou. Les actions de la Première Dame ne se limitent pas seulement à la C?te d’Ivoire. Elles se font aussi aux niveaux sous-régional et international avec pour but de susciter l’implication des partenaires en dehors de la C?te d’Ivoire dans la lutte contre le travail des enfants.? Myanmar: Apparel brands sign freedom of association agreement with suppliers http://www.xiak5.com/en/myanmar-apparel-brands-sign-freedom-of-association-agreement-with-suppliers Tue, 19 Nov 2019 14:03:45 +0000 Mayisha Begum 199014 at http://www.xiak5.com "Garment workers, suppliers and ACT brands agree on Freedom of Association Guideline", 15 November 2019 ...factories producing for ACT brands in Myanmar have agreed on a Myanmar Freedom of Association (FoA) Guideline with...Industrial Workers’ Federation of Myanmar (IWFM)... ...By providing workers a voice and representation, the guideline facilitates cooperation to solve workplace issues. The guideline aims to specify and ensure the practical application of the principles of Freedom of Association under International Labour Standards, and also outlines a timetable to begin to the process of collective bargaining. The FoA guideline was discussed...at a round table discussion...joined by global brands H&M, Inditex, Bestseller New Look, Next, and Tchibo... More than 200 employees at Tableau walked off the job to protest the data visualization company's ties with ICE http://www.xiak5.com/en/more-than-200-employees-at-tableau-walked-off-the-job-to-protest-the-data-visualization-companys-ties-with-ice Tue, 19 Nov 2019 14:33:21 +0000 Christen Dobson 199015 at http://www.xiak5.com "Tech workers walked off the job after software they made was sold to ICE," 31 Oct 2019 After more than a year of organizing behind closed doors... [r]oughly 240 employees walked out of Tableau’s headquarters and protested in Seattle’s Gas Works Park, demanding the company stop its software from being sold to U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) and Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)... [A]?survey of public federal databases?shows that third party vendors have sold millions of dollars of Tableau software to the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the agency that houses ICE and CBP, in 2019 alone. ...?In late June [2019], Tableau employees penned an internal letter that they presented to the company’s management, requesting the company cut ties with ICE and CBP... Nearly 20% of Tableau’s roughly U.S. workforce signed onto the resolution. In response, Tableau offered an enumerated proposal, which did not meet any of their specific demands...?The walkout at Tableau follows employee-led protests at tech companies including?Microsoft,?Google,?Amazon,?Salesforce, and most recently?Github?and?Chef...?On September 23, Barry Crist, the CEO of Chef, announced that the software company would not renew its contracts with ICE and CBP when they expire in 2020, after a former?employee deleted code?in protest of the company’s work with ICE.? Letter from Tableau employees calling on the company to cease complicity in human rights abuses against migrants http://www.xiak5.com/en/letter-from-tableau-employees-calling-on-the-company-to-cease-complicity-in-human-rights-abuses-against-migrants Tue, 19 Nov 2019 14:38:02 +0000 Christen Dobson 199017 at http://www.xiak5.com "Drawing a line," 29 Oct 2019 We call on our company to publicly cease its policy of complicity towards the systematic human rights abuses being carried out by Customs and Border Protection (CBP) and Immigration and Customs Enforcement...?As a company and an industry, we must take ethical responsibility for our business relationships with organizations doing systemic harm, especially if our products enable that harm either directly or indirectly...?We refuse to remain open to complicity in the ongoing harm to migrants, whether they are incarcerated inside the US, denied due process rights at the border, or living in fear of being separated from their families. As Tableau employees with diverse backgrounds and points of view, we call out to our co-workers, our executives, our industry, and our society for collective action. Tableau did not respond http://www.xiak5.com/en/tableau-did-not-respond Tue, 19 Nov 2019 14:43:48 +0000 Christen Dobson 199019 at http://www.xiak5.com We invited Tableau to respond to a call from employees to?stop selling its software to U.S. Customs and Border Protection and Immigration and Customs Enforcement. Employees alleged that through these sales, Tableau is?complicit in systematic human rights abuses against migrants. Tableau did not respond. Niger: Orano (ex-Areva) aide les éleveurs nomades à cultiver la terre afin d'assurer l'autosuffisance alimentaire pour la population et le bétail http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199021 Tue, 19 Nov 2019 14:50:38 +0000 Aliou Diouf 199021 at http://www.xiak5.com "Niger: des éleveurs touaregs se reconvertissent dans l'agriculture", 15 novembre 2019 ?Au coeur du désert hostile du nord du?Niger, Moussa Ama, un pasteur touareg, drague les sillons charriant l'eau vers de verdoyantes touffes d'oignons, de pommes de terre et de luzerne...Lancé en 2015, ce projet est financé par le groupe fran?ais Orano (ex-Areva), qui exploite l'uranium...dans le cadre d'un accord de développement économique avec le gouvernement nigérien... Depuis une dizaine d'années, les sécheresses sont de plus en plus fréquentes, mais aussi, dans cette zone désertique, les inondations, en raison des changements climatiques.?"C'est un grand défi lancé au désert. Le sol est argileux et rocailleux, ce n'était pas évident d'y faire germer quelque chose", explique Goumour Warzagane, un responsable du projet Irhazer.?Ce projet vise à rendre arables?750?hectares de terres stériles, pour y produire céréales, tubercules et fourrage, afin d'assurer la subsistance de 35.000 habitants. Orano a déjà injecté la moitié des?11?milliards de francs CFA (16,7 millions d'euros) prévus pour ce projet de?2015?à 2020... "L'objectif est d'assurer l'autosuffisance alimentaire pour la population et le bétail", a affirmé le ministre nigérien de l'Agriculture Albadé Abouba....Irhazer est aussi "dédié à la réduction de l'émigration"...En quatre ans, plus de?530?tonnes de luzerne et?107?tonnes de blé ont été récoltées...Grace au projet Irhazer, la situation des éleveurs-agriculteurs s'est améliorée: ils se nourrissent mieux, ils ont plus d'argent pour payer la scolarité des enfants, ou ne sont plus obligés de vendre leurs quelques bêtes. USA: Rev makes changes to pay structure that lowers minimum pay for freelance transcribers http://www.xiak5.com/en/usa-rev-makes-changes-to-pay-structure-that-lowers-minimum-pay-for-freelance-transcribers Tue, 19 Nov 2019 15:22:02 +0000 Mayisha Begum 199023 at http://www.xiak5.com "How yet another gig company is changing rates and hurting workers", 13 November 2019 ...[Before], human transcribers...could earn at least $0.45 for every minute of audio transcribed through Rev... ...But...Rev dropped the minimum pay to $0.30 per minute with little to no warning, issuing an announcement two days earlier...The new pay structure could significantly impact earnings... ...The company uses an algorithm to evaluate audio quality and prices transcription accordingly. That means the most difficult transcriptions...can be priced at $0.75 per hour...or higher... ...Zilles [a Rev transcriber] says...the algorithm...can be unreliable. “Some of the $0.30 have terrible audio...and there are higher-paying jobs that are inexplicably pretty clear.”... ...Rev frames its decision...as a way to compensate workers more fairly...“...we’ve noticed that the way we price projects is increasingly causing difficult jobs to not pay enough for the time and effort needed,”... Rev claimed the path to compensating its transcribers more fairly was by “paying more for difficult jobs and less for easier jobs.”... ...In a statement...[Rev] added that...“A very small percentage of jobs have been lowered, and it’s important to note that these rates can, and often do, increase over time to much more than the originally posted amount...”... ...Gizmodo published an anonymous note?from a Rev transcriber who revealed that the?minimum pay is now even lower for transcribers who are new to Rev... ...Rev...[said] that it “[welcomed] feedback on these changes and will continue to make adjustments in order to ensure our freelancers receive fair pay.”... A Business and Human Rights Approach to Arms Exports: Responsibilities and Accountability http://www.xiak5.com/en/a-business-and-human-rights-approach-to-arms-exports-responsibilities-and-accountability Breakfast Panel Discussion | 27 November | Geneva Tue, 19 Nov 2019 15:24:40 +0000 Johannes Blankenbach 199024 at http://www.xiak5.com 8:00 am – 9:30 am?(welcome and breakfast at 08:00am, panel starts at 08:15am) The defence industry, even though being a high-risk sector, has so far escaped scrutiny in relation to its responsibilities under the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGPs). With governmental authorization, arms are exported to states engaged in armed conflict – despite documented violations of human rights or international humanitarian law – or to states with a risk that the arms might be used for internal repression or in the commission of human rights violations. This constitutes a clear violation of the UNGPs, especially as arms exports not only fuel conflicts, but also contribute to the suffering of the population involved. Amnesty International, the European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights (ECCHR) and Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung invite you to a breakfast panel discussion on the defense industry’s lack of human rights due diligence and the states’ duty to prevent business-related human rights abuses under the UNGPs and OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises. The speakers will give insights into their latest research and discuss concrete suggestions for legislative reform and for adequate human rights due diligence companies. Prof. Anita Ramasastry, UW Law Foundation Professor of Law and member of the UN Working Group on the issue of human rights and transnational corporations and other business enterprises, will moderate the discussion. Speakers: Dr Tara van Ho, University of Essex, School of Law and Human Rights Center,will look at how governments currently live up to their duty to protect in the framework of arms exports. Patrick Wilcken, researcher Arms Control, Security Trade and Human Rights at Amnesty International, will discuss Amnesty’s research on the human rights policies and practices of leading companies operating in the defense sector as well as concrete recommendations for human rights due diligence by the defense sector. Christian Schliemann, legal advisor at ECCHR, will present ECCHR and FES’s recent study on arms trade, due diligence, accountability and the need for legislative reform, including access to remedy in administrative and criminal courts for arms exports.? Breakfast will be provided during the event. We look forward to welcoming you and kindly ask you to register via email to: Katharina.Lepper@fes.de México: Diputado acusa a minera San Xavier de división social y múltiples da?os al ambiente y a la salud de la población; la empresa responde http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199027 Tue, 19 Nov 2019 15:45:42 +0000 Hannah Matthews 199027 at http://www.xiak5.com Un diputado ha solicitado al gobierno de San Luis Potosi realizar los estudios necesarios para entender los impactos en la salud de las personas trabajadoras, y las personas quienes viven cerca de la minera San Xavier, parte de New Gold. El Centro de Información sobre Empresas y Derechos Humanos contactó a la empresa; su respuesta de encuentra abajo. Respuesta New Gold http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199029 Tue, 19 Nov 2019 15:49:44 +0000 Hannah Matthews 199029 at http://www.xiak5.com ...Minera San Xavier S.A. de C.V. garantiza que la salud de ninguno de sus trabajadores se ha visto afectada por las actividades realizadas durante el transcurso de sus diferentes etapas de operación. Asimismo, reitera su compromiso con la protección al medio ambiente y las comunidades de Cerro de San Pedro, donde lleva a cabo su actividad minera. Uno de los objetivos prioritarios de Minera San Xavier consiste en crear condiciones de trabajo seguras y saludables para su equipo humano, comprometida con el cuidado y preservación del medio ambiente y la responsabilidad social; considerando en todo momento el cumplimiento de los requisitos legales aplicables a nuestras operaciones e inclusive apegándose a estándares internacionales más estrictos. Para conseguirlo, ha desarrollado y mantenido Programas de Gestión en materia de Seguridad laboral, Salud, Medio Ambiente, Responsabilidad Social y Calidad, encaminados a que cada trabajador interiorice la cultura de prevención de riesgos y autocuidado de la salud, y la incorpore a sus hábitos de conducta dentro y fuera de la empresa... Why it is crucial to review the EU Non-Financial Reporting Directive http://www.xiak5.com/en/why-it-is-crucial-to-review-the-eu-non-financial-reporting-directive Tue, 19 Nov 2019 15:52:06 +0000 Saskia Wilks 199031 at http://www.xiak5.com The EU Non-financial Reporting (NFR) Directive requires large companies and financial corporations operating in Europe to disclose information on environmental, social, human rights and anti-corruption matters. The problem is that the legal framework does not specify in sufficient detail what concrete information on which sustainability topics should be disclosed, therefore failing to render these reporting requirements effective. As a result, early data concerning the implementation of the NFR Directive shows that a vast majority of companies don’t report relevant information... Governments and enforcement agencies can’t adequately monitor compliance with reporting requirements unless the legal framework is specified, as the European Securities and Markets Authorities has already publicly acknowledged... The EU Commission must commit to reform the EU NFR Directive?in order to develop the reporting framework for corporate disclosure on environmental and social sustainability. A standardised reporting framework is a prerequisite to creating a sustainable and just economy and financial system. EU Parliament committees on environment, trade & human rights affirm support for EU-wide due diligence regulation http://www.xiak5.com/en/eu-parliament-committees-on-environment-trade-human-rights-affirm-support-for-eu-wide-due-diligence-regulation Tue, 19 Nov 2019 15:59:54 +0000 Saskia Wilks 199033 at http://www.xiak5.com "Support solidifies for an EU due diligence regulation", 13 Nov 2019 NGOs’?campaign?to reduce the European Union’s global forest footprint hit a new milestone on Tuesday, 5 November 2019, when the chairs of the European Parliament’s committees on environment (ENVI), international trade (INTA) and human rights (DROI) all called for a new EU regulation to tackle global deforestation... Vice President of the European Parliament Heidi Hautala as well as INTA Chair Bernd Lange, DROI Chair Maria Arena, representatives from the companies Mars and Lush, and NGOs all made the case for an?EU-wide Due Diligence Regulation. This would require companies to ensure full transparency regarding their supply chains in order to monitor, address and mitigate any of their imports’ negative impacts on forests or human rights... Francinara Baré, an indigenous leader from the Amazon, stressed the key role of Indigenous Peoples in protecting the world’s forests, and urged EU policymakers to focus on land rights when designing the proposed regulation. Representatives of the European Commission, Fern and C?te d’Ivoire insisted that the EU shouldn’t develop solutions unilaterally; strong partnerships with producer countries must be put in place in order to address the root causes of deforestation. The ENVI Committee will now work on specific recommendations for regulation in a new report... Netherlands: Brands commit to disclosing factory list under transparency pledge http://www.xiak5.com/en/netherlands-brands-commit-to-disclosing-factory-list-under-transparency-pledge Tue, 19 Nov 2019 16:16:23 +0000 Mayisha Begum 199045 at http://www.xiak5.com "8 firms in Dutch Agreement sign transparency pledge", 18 November 2019 Eight companies signed the transparency pledge at a...stakeholder meeting of the Dutch Agreement on Sustainable Garments and Textile. The companies are Okimono, Alchemist, Marlies Dekkers, Kings of Indigo, Kuyichi, WE Fashion, Schijvens Corporate Fashion and HEMA. G-Star Raw, C&A, Zeeman and Esprit had already signed the pledge. In signing this pledge, companies commit to disclose the locations of their production sites, what type of garments are manufactured there and how many people work at these sites.... ...Under the agreement, all participating companies already disclose their production sites on an aggregate list, making it possible to report malpractices to the agreement's secretariat. The secretariat then puts the companies in touch with the party who reported the malpractice and checks whether companies are doing everything in their power to address the issue... ...They...commit to updating this information regularly, i.e. twice a year. India: Honda allegedly attempts to evict striking workers from plant through district civil court http://www.xiak5.com/en/india-honda-allegedly-attempts-to-evict-striking-workers-from-plant-through-district-civil-court Tue, 19 Nov 2019 16:34:57 +0000 Mayisha Begum 199049 at http://www.xiak5.com "Manesar: Tussle at Honda Reaches Court, Management Wants Workers Evicted", 18 November 2019 ...After failing to get to a consensus with the striking workers, the Honda management has moved the district civil court seeking a stay order on the strike... ...the management wants the workers to be evicted from the Manesar facility, in addition to which, the management has also asked for further police protection. ...Currently, well over 1,500 of [the protesters] are sitting on a dharna inside the plant, NewsClick has learnt. Their demands include fair compensation to the retrenched workers and regularisation of all who have been working for more than 10 years. The management, in its suit, has named 16 workers, which, according to the union, is “witch-hunting” of the workers leading the strike. "Instead of reaching an agreement, the management has moved court to generate fear among the striking workers,” said Suresh Gaur, president of HMSI Employees’ Union... ...Honda’s company secretary Sanjeev Kumar Chaubey and Manesar division head of general affairs, Naveen Sharma...both declined to comment on the issue. Madagascar: Investigation finds children as young as four mining mica for electronics and automotive industries http://www.xiak5.com/en/madagascar-investigation-finds-children-as-young-as-four-mining-mica-for-electronics-and-automotive-industries Tue, 19 Nov 2019 16:58:44 +0000 Mayisha Begum 199052 at http://www.xiak5.com "'Zone Rouge': An army of children toils in African mines", 18 November 2019 Mica...is...prized in the electronics and automotive worlds due to its ability to transmit electric force without overheating... ...In Madagascar...it’s mined by hand in a cluster of sites in the country’s rugged south...NBC News traveled...with...Terre des Hommes and witnessed scores of children working in unregulated and poorly-ventilated mica pits, as well as processing centers, alongside other family members... ...a picture emerges of children as young as 4 years old performing long hours of labor-intensive work in often dangerous conditions... ...firms turn the mineral shards into component parts that end up in products sold by such companies as Panasonic, Electrolock and CRRC... ...CCRC...said...[they] had no idea mica used in their trains were mined by children. “We have to do some investigation with our suppliers,”... ...Electrolock...said...[they were] reaching out to its supplier to pursue the issue. Panasonic said its supply chain guidelines “expressly prohibits the use of child labor and require suppliers to treat all workers with dignity and respect...”... ... Several major American companies depend on sheet mica...Three of the companies — United Airlines, Isovolta and Alaska Airlines? — didn’t respond to requests for comment... ...Ford said it regularly communicates with its suppliers to “monitor the responsible sourcing of mica.”... ...Fiat-Chrysler said it “engages in collaborative action with global stakeholders...to promote and develop our raw material supply chain.” Virgin Atlantic said it asks its suppliers to comply with standards that include...“not using child labor defined as anyone under 15 years of age.” Boeing acknowledged that suppliers may “incorporate minerals into components at an early stage of their manufacturing process,” but said it expects the suppliers to comply with its policies on basic working conditions and human rights. Estados Unidos: Personas trabajadoras y jornaleras exigen que Wendy’s se sume al programa de comida justa http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199054 Tue, 19 Nov 2019 18:24:40 +0000 Hannah Matthews 199054 at http://www.xiak5.com “Exigen jornaleros en NY que Wendy’s se sume a Programa de Comida Justa”, 18 de noviembre de 2019 …En su incansable lucha por la dignidad y respeto de derechos en los campos estadunidenses en los que trabajan, jornaleros de la Coalición de Trabajadores de Immokalee (CIW) realizaron un mitin y marcha en el centro de Manhattan como parte de su campa?a para obligar a la cadena de comida rápida Wendy’s a sumarse al Programa de Comida Justa. Bajo una llovizna invernal, y después de un mitin frente a las oficinas del mayor accionista de Wendy’s, Trian Partners, unos 70 trabajadores agrícolas de la CIW que viajaron desde Florida, marcharon junto con cientos de estudiantes, líderes religiosos, defensores de derechos laborales y otros aliados para exigir que la empresa acepte al Programa de Comida Justa, un programa de responsabilidad social dirigido por trabajadores. El Programa y el trabajo de CIW han sido elogiados y premiados por una amplia gama desde organizaciones de derechos humanos, el presidente Barack Obama, quien le otorgó una medalla presidencial, la familia Kennedy a varias instituciones académicas por eliminar efectivamente el hostigamiento sexual, el trabajo forzado y otros abusos de derechos humanos en las granjas de cultivo de productos como el jitomate que surten a las grandes cadenas de comida rápida y supermercados… Sénégal: http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199058 Tue, 19 Nov 2019 18:30:55 +0000 Aliou Diouf 199058 at http://www.xiak5.com "INDUSTRIE EXTRACTIVE?: LES ORGANISMES DE RéPRESSION OUEST-AFRICAINS PAS ASSEZ OUTILLéS FACE AUX CRIMINELS", 19 novembre 2019 Les outils dont disposent les organismes de répression criminelle ouest-africains ne sont pas à la hauteur du niveau de sophistication des criminels opérant dans l’industrie extractive, relève un rapport du Groupe intergouvernemental d’action contre le blanchiment d’argent en Afrique de l’Ouest (GIABA).? Le document relève notamment que "le caractère non réglementé du commerce de diamants bruts et d’or continuent d’exacerber la situation, plus particulièrement pour certains pays où les diamants ou l’or représentent une part importante du produit intérieur brut (PIB) ou des exportations totales, avec des systèmes formels sous-développés". ? Intitulé "Blanchiment de capitaux et financement du terrorisme liés au secteur de l’industrie extractive en Afrique de l’Ouest", ce rapport dont copie a été obtenue par l’APS compte 77 pages. ? Il souligne que le renforcement de la réglementation et de la transparence de l’industrie extractive et du secteur minier aidera non seulement les pays à lutter contre ces phénomènes, mais également à accro?tre leurs revenus et améliorer leur situation budgétaire. Honduras: Rechazan proyecto de energía solar de Scatec Solar y otro de minería en consulta ciudadana en Choluteca http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199061 Tue, 19 Nov 2019 18:59:42 +0000 Hannah Matthews 199061 at http://www.xiak5.com “97 % de la población de Namasigüe dice NO a la minería y fotovoltaicas”, 18 de noviembre de 2019 …Mediante el ejercicio de una consulta ciudadana, el 97 % de la población del municipio de Namasigüe, Choluteca, dijo no este domingo a la implementación de proyectos de energía solar fotovoltaica y de minería. Este poblado de la zona sur de Honduras es uno de los sectores con mayor conflictividad social por la ejecución inconsulta de proyectos de esta índole… La consulta ciudadana se efectuó como reacción de resistencia ante un proyecto instalado en la comunidad Costa Azul y Los Prados, éste último en suspenso por la presión popular que ha imposibilitado su puesta en marcha. Los proyectos fueron concesionados por el Estado hondure?o a la empresa Scatec Solar con el visto bueno de la alcaldía municipal que, sin consultarle a la comunidad, extendió los respectivos permisos para sus construcciones… Las concesiones de Costa Azul y Los Prados fueron aprobadas en el Congreso Nacional. El contrato de la empresa Scatec Solar contempla la generación de 53 megavatios de energía al a?o para un conglomerado de cinco empresas: Energías Solares S.A., Fotovoltaica Sure?a, Generación Energética en la zona conocida como Prados Sur; mientras que las empresas: Fotovoltaica Los Prados y Foto Sol se sitúan en Prados Norte… SAGE Fund launches request for proposals focused on strengthening women's economic justice (deadline: 14 Dec 2019) http://www.xiak5.com/en/sage-fund-launches-request-for-proposals-focused-on-strengthening-womens-economic-justice-deadline-14-dec-2019 Tue, 19 Nov 2019 20:19:34 +0000 Christen Dobson 199064 at http://www.xiak5.com The SAGE Fund invites two-page concept notes from organisations implementing innovative efforts to strengthen women’s economic justice and secure women’s livelihoods. Proposals must be received by 14 December 2019...?In 2020, the Fund will make 5-7 grants of US $50,000 – $100,000 each, to organisations or partnerships that are designed to achieve at least one of the following: Seed promising approaches and innovative advocacy to advance key issues in women’s economic justice in local, regional and global contexts... Advance the field’s understanding of key issues, build a collective agenda and identify opportunities to strengthen the women’s rights and allied movements and fields’ response. Next Steps1. Complete the online application form via this link (https://forms.gle/PskUg88ySwbTmcYw8 ) by 14 December 2019.2. Email your 2-page concept note to SAGEFundGrants@newventurefund.org by 14 December 2019. Please make the subject heading of the email: [Primary Applicant Organisation’s Name]_SAGEFund_2020_WEJ_RFP? México: Activistas advierten de las afectaciones al derecho del agua de la minería tóxica y el fracking en Veracruz http://www.xiak5.com/en/node/199067 Tue, 19 Nov 2019 21:28:50 +0000 Hannah Matthews 199067 at http://www.xiak5.com “Urgen acabar con la minería tóxica y el fracking en Veracruz” 18 de noviembre de 2019 …El integrante de la Coordinadora Nacional Agua para Todos, Agua para la Vida, Gerardo Alatorre Frenck, aseveró que son necesarias acciones más contundentes por parte de la administración que encabeza Cuitláhuac García Jiménez, para declarar a Veracruz libre de fractura hidráulica, minería a cielo abierto e hidroeléctricas. Y es que acusó que se trata de “emprendimientos muy grandes” que están lastimando las cuencas, el agua, los mantos freáticos, contaminando el vital líquido y afectando el derecho humano al agua. Remarcó? que urge una manifestación mucho más clara de los gobernantes estatales y municipales sobre este tipo de obras que ponen en peligro el buen manejo de las cuencas y el agua. “Necesitamos que la clase política tome una posición todavía más clara y más rotunda a favor del buen gobierno del agua y las cuencas y en general el manejo de los ecosistemas”, dijo. El ambientalista advirtió? que van a seguir haciendo propuestas ciudadanas, ya que es el papel principal de la población: estar presionando y proponiendo, no únicamente protestando. “Es lo que estamos haciendo ya desde hace muchos a?os, teniendo esta visión crítica pero propositiva para no solo protestar”, agregó.